/hawr moohz", hawr"muz/, n.
Strait of, a strait between Iran and the United Arab Emirates, connecting the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.
Also, Ormuz.

* * *

Persian  Jazīreh-ye Hormoz,  also called  Ormuz,  

      mostly barren, hilly island of Iran on the Strait of Hormuz, between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, 5 miles (8 km) off the coast. The population may decline by half in summer through migration. Hormuz village is the only permanent settlement. Resources include red ochre for export.

      After the Arab conquest, Hormuz early became the chief market of Kermān, with palm groves, indigo, grain, and spices. By about 1200 it monopolized India's and China's trade. The famous Venetian traveler Marco Polo twice visited Hormuz. Around 1300 the Arab ruler of Hormuz abandoned the mainland because of robbers and founded New Hormuz on the island; it gradually superseded Qeys as the most important Persian Gulf emporium, again becoming a market for India, and dominated other gulf islands and occasionally mainland Oman.

      In 1514 the Portuguese captured Hormuz and built a fort. For more than a century the island remained Portuguese, but the rise of the English locally and the Persian shah's resentment of Portuguese occupation culminated, in 1622, in Hormuz' capture by joint Anglo-Persian forces. Hormuz, along with the nearby larger island of Jeshun and the mainland port of Bandar ʿAbbās, was leased to the rulers of Muscat and Oman between 1798 and 1868. Of the old and famous city scarcely anything now remains except for part of the Portuguese fort.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HORMUZ — (Ormuz), an island in the Persian Gulf, commanding the trade route from Europe to India and the Far East, captured by the Portuguese in 1507. From the 16th century on, Hebrew and European sources attest the existence of a Jewish community. The… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hormuz — is distorted from the Persian Ohrmuzd , meaning Ahura Mazda . It can refer to:* The Strait of Hormuz in the Persian Gulf. * Hormoz Island, part of Iran. * The Kingdom of Ormus …   Wikipedia

  • Hormuz — Hormuz, so v.w. Homisdas 2)–5) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hormûz — Hormûz, pers. Insel, s. Ormus …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hormuz — → Ormuz …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Hormuz — [hôr mo͞oz′, hôr′məz] Strait of strait joining the Persian Gulf & the Gulf of Oman, between Arabia & Iran …   English World dictionary

  • Hormuz — or Ormuz geographical name ancient town S Iran on Strait of Hormuz (strait connecting Persian Gulf & Gulf of Oman) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Hormuz Island — is an Iranian island in the Persian Gulf, it is located in the straits of Hormuz and is part of the Hormozgān Province. It has an area of 42 km² which equals 16 square miles. Hormuz Island was once land of the Portugese Empire. There is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Hormuz (Insel) — Hormus Chezr Bucht Gewässer Persischer Golf Geographische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hormuz, Strait of — formerly Strait of Ormuz Channel linking the Persian Gulf with the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea. It is 35–60 mi (55–95 km) wide and separates Iran from the Arabian Peninsula. It contains the islands of Qeshm, Hormoz, and Hengām and is… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”