Heath

Heath
/heeth/, n.
Edward (Richard George), born 1916, British statesman: prime minister 1970-74.

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plant
 any of the low evergreen shrubs of the genus Erica, of the family Ericaceae, with about 500 species, most of which are indigenous to South Africa, where they are especially diverse in the southwestern Cape region. Some heaths also occur in the Mediterranean region and in northern Europe, and species have been introduced to North America.

      The heaths have small, usually very narrow leaves arranged in whorls set closely together on the shoots. The long-lasting flowers have four sepals, a four-cleft, bell-shaped, or tubular corolla (ring of petals), inflated in many species, and a four-celled capsule. Most heaths are low shrubs, but some African species are large bushes or trees. Pollination of the flowers may be by wind, birds, or insects depending on the species. Although most species have dry fruits that open to release the small seeds, a few have fleshy fruits.

      The purple, or Scotch, heath, or bell heather (E. cinerea), is common in Great Britain and western Europe; its minute flowers yield much nectar. Other British species are cross-leaved heath, or bog heather (E. tetralix); Cornish heath (E. vagans), found also in western Europe; fringed heath (E. ciliaris), in western England and Ireland; and Irish heath (E. mediterranea), which reaches 1 to 1.5 metres (3 to 5 feet) tall in Ireland. The white, or tree, heath (E. arborea), found in southern France and the Mediterranean region, is the source of briar root, used for making briarwood pipes. Some southern African species (e.g., E. melanthera, E. verticillata, and E. ventricosa) are cultivated in cool greenhouses and outdoors in southwestern North America. See also heather.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Heath — can mean: * Heath (habitat), a landscape characterised by open, low growing woody vegetation. * Any of several related genera of flowering plants in the Heath habitat ** Erica (the genus most widely so known as heath) ** Calluna , genus growing… …   Wikipedia

  • Heath — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Heath (Alabama) Heath (Indiana) Heath (Kentucky) Heath (Massachusetts) Heath (Montana) Heath (Ohio) Heath (Pennsylvania) Heath (Tennessee) Heath (Texas) Heath Grove (New York) Heath Manor… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heath — (h[=e]th), n. [OE. heth waste land, the plant heath, AS. h[=ae][eth]; akin to D. & G. heide, Icel. hei[eth]r waste land, Dan. hede, Sw. hed, Goth. hai[thorn]i field, L. bucetum a cow pasture; cf. W. coed a wood, Skr. ksh[=e]tra field. [root]20.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • HEATH (E.) — HEATH EDWARD (1916 ) Né à Broadstairs (Kent), Edward Heath sera le premier leader d’origine ouvrière du Parti conservateur. Après des études à Balliol College, Oxford, il participe à la Seconde Guerre mondiale, combattant en Europe en 1944 et en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Heath — Heath, AL U.S. town in Alabama Population (2000): 249 Housing Units (2000): 138 Land area (2000): 0.910125 sq. miles (2.357213 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.002215 sq. miles (0.005737 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.912340 sq. miles (2.362950 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • heath — heath; heath·ered; heath·ery; heath·land; heath·less; heath·er; …   English syllables

  • heath|y — «HEE thee», adjective, heath|i|er, heath|i|est. 1. of or having to do with a heath. 2. like a heath. 3. covered with or full of heath: »They walke …   Useful english dictionary

  • heath — [hēth] n. [ME hethe < OE hæth, akin to Ger heide, wasteland, heath < IE base * kaito , forested or uncultivated land > Welsh coed, forest] 1. a tract of open wasteland, esp. in the British Isles, covered with heather, low shrubs, etc.;… …   English World dictionary

  • heath|er — «HEHTH uhr», noun. 1. a low evergreen shrub with stalks of small, purple or pink, bell shaped flowers, covering many heaths of Scotland and northern England; ling; heath. Heather belongs to the heath family. 2. any one of various heaths common in …   Useful english dictionary

  • Heath —   [hiːθ],    1) Edward Richard George, britischer Politiker, * Broadstairs (County Kent) 9. 7. 1916; Bankangestellter, 1959/60 Arbeitsminister und 1960 63 Lordsiegelbewahrer. 1961 63 führte er die Verhandlungen mit der EWG über den Beitritt… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Heath, AL — U.S. town in Alabama Population (2000): 249 Housing Units (2000): 138 Land area (2000): 0.910125 sq. miles (2.357213 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.002215 sq. miles (0.005737 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.912340 sq. miles (2.362950 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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