Hampton Roads

Hampton Roads
a channel in SE Virginia between the mouth of the James River and Chesapeake Bay: battle between the Monitor and the Virginia 1862.

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Channel in the U.S. through which the James, Elizabeth, and Nansemond rivers flow into Chesapeake Bay.

About 4 mi (6 km) wide and 40 ft (12 m) deep, it has been an important military base since colonial days. In 1862 it was the scene of the Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack. The port cities of Newport News, Norfolk, and Portsmouth comprise the Port of Hampton Roads, one of the busiest U.S. seaports.

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      great natural roadstead, southeastern Virginia, U.S., formed by the deepwater estuary of the James River, protected by the Virginia Peninsula. The Nansemond and Elizabeth rivers also enter the roadstead, which is connected to Chesapeake Bay by the Thimble Shoal Channel, some 1,000 feet (300 metres) wide; the channel extends for 12 miles (19 km) and reaches 45 feet (13 metres) in depth. Two deepwater channels branch out from the harbour, the southern of which is linked with the coastal inlets of North Carolina through the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway. Port cities facing the roads include Norfolk and Portsmouth on the south and Newport News and Hampton on the north. Norfolk is joined to Hampton by a bridge-tunnel 5 miles (8 km) long and to the eastern shore of Virginia by the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel complex, which stretches 17.6 miles (28 km) and spans the Chesapeake Bay. The Hampton Roads area also includes the cities of Chesapeake, Suffolk, Yorktown, and Virginia Beach.

      Hampton Roads, an important military base since colonial days, is the headquarters of the 5th Naval District, the Atlantic Fleet (Norfolk), the Air Combat Command (Langley Air Force Base), the Continental Army Command (Fort Monroe), and the Army Transportation Center (Fort Eustis). Portsmouth has an important naval shipyard, officially called the Norfolk Naval Shipyard, which is the oldest U.S. Navy shipyard in the country.

      During the American Civil War, Hampton Roads was the scene of the battle (Monitor and Merrimack, Battle of the) (March 9, 1862) between the ironclads Monitor and Virginia ( Merrimack). The Hampton Roads Conference, unsuccessful negotiations for ending the war, between President Abraham Lincoln (Lincoln, Abraham) and Confederate representatives, was held in the roads aboard the Federal transport River Queen on February 3, 1865.

      The port cities comprise the Port of Hampton Roads, created in 1926 under the State of Virginia Port Authority; it is one of the busiest seaports in the country. Exports include tobacco and paper products, while imports include petroleum products, ores, and automobile parts. Shipbuilding, food products, and chemicals are important local industries.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Hampton Roads —   [ hæmptən rəʊds], der Teil des Ästuars des James River, der unmittelbar vor der Mündung in die Chesapeakebai liegt, in Südostvirginia, USA. Die Hampton Roads bilden einen ausgezeichneten Naturhafen. Am Nordufer liegen die Hafenstädte Hampton… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hampton Roads — es un nombre que puede referir a: El Área metropolitana de Virginia Beach Norfolk Newport News, comúnmente conocida como Hampton Roads, en Estados Unidos. El puerto o estuario de Hampton Roads, sobre la que se encuentra dicha área metropolitana.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hampton Roads — [see HAMPTON2 & ROAD (sense 4)] channel & harbor in SE Va., linking the James River estuary with Chesapeake Bay …   English World dictionary

  • Hampton Roads — Coordinates: 36°58′N 76°22′W / 36.967°N 76.367°W / 36.967; 76.367 …   Wikipedia

  • Hampton Roads — 36°58′N 76°22′W / 36.967, 76.367 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hampton Roads — Satellitenfoto des Gebiets Hampton Roads (wörtlich „Hampton Reede“) bezeichnet den Wasserweg im US Bundesstaat Virginia, an dem die Flüsse James , Nansemond und Elizabeth River in die Chesapeake Bay münden, und das Ballungsgebiet um den Wasserweg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Hampton Roads Transportation Authority — (HRTA) is a political subdivision of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States that has the responsibility for funding several major traffic projects in the Hampton Roads area. As of March 2008, although its projects were considered to be …   Wikipedia

  • Hampton Roads Gulls — Gründung 1982 Auflösung 1983 Geschichte Hampton Roads Gulls 1982 – 1983 Stadion Hampton Coliseum Standort Hampton …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hampton Roads Admirals — Gründung 1989 Auflösung 2000 Geschichte Hampton Roads Admirals 1989 – 20 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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