/hayk/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) hake, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) hakes.
1. any marine fish of the genus Merluccius, closely related to the cods, esp. M. bilinearis, found off the New England coast.
2. any of several related marine fishes, esp. of the genus Urophycis.
[1275-1325; ME; special use of OE haca hook; cf. MLG haken kipper salmon]

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Any of several large marine fishes (genus Merluccius) usually considered part of the cod family.

Hakes are elongated, large-headed fishes with large, sharp teeth, two dorsal fins (one notched), and a notched anal fin. They are swift carnivores and, though somewhat soft-fleshed, are used as food. Hakes are found throughout the Atlantic, in the eastern Pacific, and along New Zealand. In eastern North America, the name is also applied to several related marine fishes (genus Urophycis), including the economically important white hake and red hake.

Silver hake (Merluccius bilinearis)

Painting by Jean Helmer

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 (genus Merluccius), any of several large marine fishes of the cod family, Gadidae. They are sometimes classed as a separate family, Merlucciidae, because of skeletal differences in the skull and ribs. Hakes are elongated, largeheaded fishes with large, sharp teeth. They have two dorsal fins, the second long and slightly notched near the middle. The anal fin is also long and notched, and the pelvic fins are placed far forward, ahead of the pectorals.

      Hakes are swift, carnivorous fishes and, though rather soft-fleshed, are used as food. They are found throughout the Atlantic, in the eastern Pacific, and along New Zealand. Species include the European and Mediterranean Merluccius merluccius, which grows to about 1.1 m (3.5 feet) long; the silver hake (M. bilinearis) of the American Atlantic; and the stockfish (M. capensis) of South Africa.

      In eastern North America, the name hake is also applied to several marine food fishes related to Merluccius but placed in the genus Urophycis. These fishes resemble Merluccius but are distinguished by long, slim pelvic fins and by a small barbel at the tip of the chin. Economically important members of this genus include the white hake (U. tenuis) and the red hake (U. chuss).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Hake — bezeichnet: Personen Claes Hake (* 1945), schwedischer Grafiker und Bildhauer Ernst Hake (1844–1925), deutscher Architekt Johannes II. Hake (genannt von Göttingen, auch Johannes Griese van Westerholt; * um 1280; † 1349), Arzt und seit 1331… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • hake — [heık] n plural hake [U and C] [Date: 1400 1500; Origin: Perhaps from an unrecorded hakefish, from hake hook (15 19 centuries)] a sea fish, used as food …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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