/e noh"/, n.
1. a medieval county in territory now in SW Belgium and N France.
2. a province in SW Belgium. 1,271,649; 1437 sq. mi. (3722 sq. km). Cap.: Mons.

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Flemish Henegouwen

Medieval county, now a province in southwestern Belgium.

The area was once part of the county of Hainaut, which was larger than the modern province, and was bounded by Flanders on the north. United with Flanders several times from the 11th to the 13th century, it was later ruled by the house of Avesnes, the Wittelsbachs, the Burgundians, and finally the Habsburgs. Gradually annexed to France in the 17th and 18th centuries, part of the county stayed with France (now the Nord départment), and the rest passed to The Netherlands in 1814 and to Belgium in 1831. It is a well-farmed region with varied agriculture; animals, including Belgian draft horses, are raised. There are more than 100 castles in Hainaut.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Hainaut — commonly refers to: * Hainaut (province), the modern Belgian province, part of the Walloon Region (Wallonia) * the County of Hainaut, the feudal entity created in 1071 on the order of Henry IV; overlaps with the modern Hainaut province of Belgium …   Wikipedia

  • Hainaut — prov. du S. O. de la Belgique, limitrophe de la France; 3 790 km²; 1 277 940 hab.; ch. l. Mons. Autres villes import.: Charleroi, Tournai. Bas plateau souvent limoneux, le Hainaut est une riche région agricole (élevage laitier, notam.). Il a… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hainaut — Soit une variante de Hainaud (voir ce nom), soit celui qui est originaire du Hainaut …   Noms de famille

  • Hainaut — (spr. Hänoh), so v.w. Hennegau …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hainaut — (franz., spr. änō), der Hennegau (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hainaut — (spr. änoh), franz. Name des Hennegau (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hainaut —   [ɛ no, französisch], historische Landschaft am Nordrand des Pariser Beckens, westlich der Ardennen. Der westliche (französische) Teil wird von der Industriegasse des Sambretals (Maubeuge) und dem Industrierevier um Valenciennes geprägt. Der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hainaut — [e nō′] province of SW Belgium: 1,462 sq mi (3,787 sq km); pop. 1,285,000; cap. Mons …   English World dictionary

  • Hainaut —  Pour les articles homophones, voir Hesnault et Hénault. Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le comté de Hainaut, ou Hainau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hainaut — Provinz Hennegau Hainaut (fr) Henegouwen (nl) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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