Hail Mary

Hail Mary
1. See Ave Maria.
2. Also called Hail Mary pass, Hail Mary play. a long forward pass in football, esp. as a last-ditch attempt at the end of a game, where completion is considered unlikely.
[1300-50; ME, trans. of ML Ave Maria]

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Principal Roman Catholic prayer addressed to the Virgin Mary.

It begins with the greetings spoken to Mary by the Archangel Gabriel and by her cousin Elizabeth in the Gospel of Luke: "Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus." A closing petition, "Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death," came into general use by the end of the 14th century. Churchgoers who attend confession are often asked to repeat the prayer as penance for sins.

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Latin  Ave Maria , also called  Angelic Salutation 

      a principal prayer of the Roman Catholic Church, comprising three parts addressed to the Virgin Mary. The following are the Latin text and an English translation:

Ave Maria, gratia plena;
Dominus tecum:
Benedicta tu in mulieribus et benedictus
fructus ventris tui [Jesus].
Sancta Maria, Mater Dei,
Ora pro nobis peccatoribus, nunc et in hora
mortis nostrae. Amen.
Hail Mary, full of grace;
The Lord is with thee:
Blessed art thou among women and blessed is
the fruit of thy womb, Jesus.
Holy Mary, Mother of God,
Pray for us sinners, now and at the hour
of our death. Amen.

      The first part, the words of the Archangel Gabriel (Luke 1:28), appears in liturgies as early as the 6th century. The second part, the words of Elizabeth (Luke 1:42), was added to the first part by about AD 1000, the appositive “Jesus” being added some two centuries later, possibly by Pope Urban IV (reigned 1261–64). The closing petition came into general use during the 14th or 15th century and received its official formulation in the reformed Breviary of Pope Pius V in 1568.

      Of the many musical settings of the prayer, the Ave Maria of Franz Schubert is perhaps the most widely known.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hail Mary — • Analysis of the prayer Ave Maria: origins and development Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Hail Mary     Hail Mary     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • Hail Mary — Hail Hail, interj. [See {Hail}, v. t.] An exclamation of respectful or reverent salutation, or, occasionally, of familiar greeting. Hail, brave friend. Shak. [1913 Webster] {All hail}. See in the Vocabulary. {Hail Mary}, a form of prayer made use …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hail Mary — Hail Marys N COUNT A Hail Mary is a prayer to the Virgin Mary that is said by Roman Catholics …   English dictionary

  • Hail Mary — ► NOUN (pl. Hail Marys) ▪ a prayer to the Virgin Mary used chiefly by Roman Catholics …   English terms dictionary

  • Hail Mary — n. pl. Hail Marys 1. see AVE MARIA ☆ 2. Football a play, usually used in desperation in the last seconds of a game or half, in which a long, high pass is thrown to any of several receivers in one area of the end zone …   English World dictionary

  • Hail Mary — The Hail Mary or Ave Maria (Latin) is a traditional Christian prayer asking for the intercession of the Virgin Mary, the mother of Jesus. The Hail Mary is used within Roman Catholicism, and it forms the basis of the Rosary. The prayer is also… …   Wikipedia

  • Hail Mary — UK [ˌheɪl ˈmeərɪ] / US [ˌheɪl ˈmerɪ] noun [countable] Word forms Hail Mary : singular Hail Mary plural Hail Marys a Roman Catholic prayer to Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ …   English dictionary

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