/gil"deuhr/, n.
1. a silver or nickel coin and monetary unit of the Netherlands, equal to 100 cents; florin. Abbr.: Gld.,f.,fl.
2. a former gold coin of the Netherlands; florin.
3. the monetary unit of the Netherlands Antilles and Suriname, equal to 100 cents.
4. the Austrian florin.
5. any of various gold coins formerly issued by German states.
Also, gilder. Also called gulden.
[1425-75; late ME gilder, guldren, with intrusive r < MD gulden GULDEN]

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      former monetary unit of The Netherlands. In 2002 the guilder ceased to be legal tender after the euro, the monetary unit of the European Union, became the country's sole currency.

      The guilder was adopted as The Netherlands' monetary unit in 1816, though its roots trace to the 14th century, when the florin, the coinage of Florence, spread to northern Europe, where it became known as the guilder. (Indeed, the abbreviation for the Dutch currency remained “Hfl,” which denoted it as the Holland florin.) When the guilder was introduced in 1816, it replaced the French franc; it also included an inscription (“God be with us”)—the guilder was among the first coins to bear an inscription—to help protect its value by discouraging people from shaving the coin's precious silver. The Nazis abolished the guilder as the country's currency when they occupied The Netherlands during World War II; nevertheless, the exiled government promised that the currency would be legal after the war, and few people exchanged the Dutch currency. The government-in-exile had millions of silver coins minted in the United States, and after the country was liberated from the Nazis, people again began melting down the currency to use the silver. In 1948 the government introduced nickel coins.

      Part of the legacy of Dutch colonialism, the guilder was adopted in Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles; both the Suriname and Netherlands Antillean guilder are divided into 100 cents.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Guilder — is the English translation of the Dutch gulden from Old Dutch for golden . The guilder originated as a gold coin (hence the name) but has been a common name for a silver or base metal coin for some centuries. The name has often been… …   Wikipedia

  • Guilder — Guil der, n. [D. gulden, orig., golden. Cf. {Golden}.] A Dutch silver coin worth about forty cents; called also {florin} and {gulden}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Guilder — This interesting and unusual name of medieval English origin is a dialectal variant of Gold, itself a metonymic occupational name for someone who worked in gold. The derivation is from the Old English pre 7th Century gyldan and the Old High… …   Surnames reference

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