guarana

guarana
/gwahr'euh nah", gwahr"euh nah'/, n.
1. a woody, climbing shrub Paullinia cupana, of the soapberry family, growing in parts of South America, having seeds that contain caffeine and are used in soft drinks.
2. a drink containing extract of guarana seed.
[1860-65; ( < Pg) < Tupi]

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plant
      (Paullinia cupana), woody, climbing plant, of the soapberry family (Sapindaceae), native to the Amazon Basin. It has a smooth, erect stem; large leaves with five oblong-oval leaflets; clusters of short-stalked flowers; and fruit about the size of a grape and usually containing one seed shaped like a tiny horse chestnut.

      The seeds are roasted and used to make a stimulant drink popular in South America, which has a bitter, astringent taste and a faint, coffee-like odour. Its caffeine content is about three times greater than an equivalent amount of coffee; the astringent action is caused by tannin. Guarana also yields saponin (a carbohydrate), starch, gum, several volatile oils, and an acrid green fixed oil.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guaraná — Guaraná …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guarana — Guaraná Guaraná (Paullinia cupana) Systematik Unterklasse: Rosenähnliche (Rosidae) Ordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guaranà — Guaraná Guaraná (Paullinia cupana) Systematik Unterklasse: Rosenähnliche (Rosidae) Ordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guaraná — (Paullinia cupana) Systematik Eurosiden II Ordnung: Seifenbaumartige (Sapindales) F …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • guarana — GUARÁNA s.f. 1. Liană care creşte în Brazilia (Paullinia cupana). 2. Pastă preparată din seminţe de guarana (1) întrebuinţată ca antinevralgic şi ca astringent în tratamentul dizenteriei. – Din fr. guarana. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX… …   Dicționar Român

  • Guaraná — es el nombre de: Paullinia cupana, planta trepadora de la familia de las sapindáceas, originaria de la Amazonia, de fruto comestible; Guaraná, grupo español de música; Guaraná, una bebida de origen brasileño, que también da nombre a una marca… …   Wikipedia Español

  • guarana — ⇒GUARANA, subst. masc. ,,Liane d Amérique Centrale, de la famille des Sapindacées (CLÉM. Alim. 1978). P. méton. substance médicamenteuse, astringente et tonique extraite de cette plante. La kola (amande du sterculia acuminata) et le guarana… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • guaraná — (de or. indoamericano) 1 (Hispam.) f. *Paulinia (planta sapindácea). 2 Pasta hecha con semillas de paulinia, cacao y tapioca, que se utiliza como medicinal. ⇒ *Farmacia. * * * guaraná. (De or. amer.; cf. guaraní). f. Am. Cen., Bol. y …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • guaraña — guaraná (de or. indoamericano) 1 (Hispam.) f. *Paulinia (planta sapindácea). 2 Pasta hecha con semillas de paulinia, cacao y tapioca, que se utiliza como medicinal. ⇒ *Farmacia. * * * guaraña. f. coloq. Ven. Ruleta que tiene figuras en lugar de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • guaraná — s. m. 1.  [Botânica] Planta sapindácea. 2. Massa feita do seu fruto. 3. Resina do guaraná …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Guarana — Gua ra*na , n. [Pg.] (Med.) A preparation from the seeds of {Paullinia sorbilis}, a woody climber of Brazil, used in making an astringent drink, and also in the cure of headache. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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