Grenoble

Grenoble
/greuh noh"beuhl/; Fr. /grddeuh naw"bleu/, n.
a city in and the capital of Isère, in SE France. 169,740.

* * *

City (pop., 1999: 153,317), southeastern France.

It lies along the Isère River, which divides the city into two parts. The old town occupies the cramped right bank, while the newer part of the town spreads out into the plain on the left bank. Grenoble was the capital of the Dauphiné. It was a centre of the French Resistance during World War II. Sites of interest include a 13th-century cathedral, the 15th-century Palais de Justice, and the University of Grenoble (founded 1339).

* * *

France
 city, capital of Isère département, Rhône-Alpes région, southeastern France (Dauphiné), southeast of Lyon. It lies along the Isère River, 702 feet (214 metres) above sea level, at the foot of Mount Rachais. The Isère divides the city into two unequal parts. The oldest part of the city, cramped between the river and the mountains, lies on the right bank; the major part of the city spreads out into the plain on the left bank. The city once had one of the highest population growth rates in France. Its population multiplied fivefold between 1860 and 1960 and continued to increase throughout the ensuing decade. To deal with the rapid expansion, a vast urban renewal plan was drawn up and largely executed in time for the 1968 Winter Olympic Games, which were held in Grenoble. Growth has since shifted to the outer suburbs.

      Grenoble prospered as an industrial town at the end of the 19th century with the development of hydroelectric power in the surrounding region. Today its numerous industries include electronics and electrical equipment, machinery, chemicals, plastics, and food processing. Grenoble, however, is better known as a leading scientific research centre and is the home of a series of laboratories in both the public and private sectors, including the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility. Especially notable research in the fields of nuclear physics and microelectronics takes place in Grenoble. These activities are strongly linked to the city's universities. Although a university was founded there in 1339, Grenoble became an important educational centre only at the beginning of the 20th century. The science park located in Meylan, one of Grenoble's eastern suburbs, is among the oldest and most successful of such developments in France. The city is also an administrative, business, and commercial centre. Grenoble is served by high-speed train, by highway, and by a small airport at St. Geoirs, roughly 20 miles (30 km) to the northwest.

      The fine 15th- and 16th-century Palais de Justice formerly housed the Dauphinois Parliament. The sports stadium and the House of Culture are interesting examples of contemporary French architecture. The library has a rich collection of manuscripts, including most of the works of the novelist Stendhal, who was born there in 1783. The museum, in the same building, is reputed for its gallery of modern paintings.

      The present name of the city is derived from Gratianopolis (4th century), given in honour of the Roman emperor Gratian. After being occupied by the Arabs in the 9th century, the town passed into the hands of the counts of Albon. In 1349 it was ceded to France with the rest of the province of Dauphiné. Grenoble suffered during the Wars of Religion, as well as after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. In June 1788 the town successfully rebelled against a royal decree limiting the powers of the local parliament. During World War II the French resistance movement was particularly active in Grenoble. Pop. (1999) city, 153,317; (2004 est.) city, 157,500; urban area, 514,559.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Grenoble — Grenoble …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Grenoble HC — Grenoble Métropole Hockey 38 Brûleurs de Loups …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Grenoble EM — Grenoble École de management Grenoble école de management (GEM) est le nouveau nom du Groupe ESC Grenoble, depuis le 17 janvier 2003. Grenoble EM est une grande école de commerce et de gestion. Depuis sa création en 1984, l’école de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Grenoble — Grenoblo Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Grenoble — • Comprises the Department of Isère and the Canton of Villeurbanne (Rhône) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Grenoble     Grenoble      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • GRENOBLE — GRENOBLE, capital of the Isère department, France, formerly capital of Dauphiné. A lamentation on the martyrdom of ten Jews from Grenoble was incorporated in the Bourguignon maḥzor in the second half of the 13th century. After the Jews were… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Grenoble —   [grə nɔbl], größte Stadt in den französischen Alpen, Hauptstadt der Dauphiné, Region Rhône Alpes, Südfrankreich, am Ausgang des Grésivaudan und am Zusammenfluss von Isère und Drac, 212 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 150 700 Einwohner (Agglomeration… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Grenoble — Grenoble, der Geburtsort Bayard s, des Ritters sans peur et sans reproche, die Hauptstadt des Departements Isère im südlichen Frankreich, hat 23,000 Ew., und liegt in einem reizenden, auf allen Seiten mit bizarrgeformten Bergen umgebenen Thale.… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Grenoble — es una ciudad fabril y comercial, ubicada aproximadamente a 100 km al sureste de Lyon, Francia. Allí nació el famoso escritor Stendhal (1783 1842), autor de la novela Rojo y negro (1830). Fabrica productos textiles, sustancias químicas y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Grenoble — (spr. grönóbl ), Hauptstadt des franz. Departements Isère, 214 m ü. M., im breiten, von schneebedeckten Bergzügen der Alpen eingeschlossenen Tal der Isère (Graisivaudan, s. d.), oberhalb der Dracmündung, Knotenpunkt der Lyoner Bahn, ist Festung… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • grenoble — GRENOBLE, Ville Episcopale en Dauphiné, Gratianopolis. Ceux de Grenoble, Gratianopolitani …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”