grammar school

grammar school
1. an elementary school.
2. Brit. a secondary school corresponding to a U.S. high school.
3. (formerly) a secondary school in which Latin and Greek are among the principal subjects taught.
[1350-1400; ME]

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▪ British education
      in Great Britain (United Kingdom), secondary school that offers an academic course in preparation for university entrance and for the professions. Students usually begin attendance at age 12.

      Before 1902, there was no system of publicly funded secondary education in Great Britain, and those students who were educated beyond the primary level attended either privately endowed grammar schools or public schools (which were also privately endowed, but were usually much older than the other grammar schools). The Education Act of 1902 established a system of new, publicly funded grammar schools and also provided government aid for some existing grammar schools. Technical training courses, attended mostly by those students who were not academically qualified for admission to the grammar schools, were also begun.

      During the period between the two world wars, this system was modified. Students completing primary school at age 11 were required to take a series of examinations called the eleven-plus (q.v.). Results of these tests determined a student's placement in a three-track secondary system. The highest scoring students were admitted to grammar schools and were likely to go on to university studies. The other students attended either modern schools, where they completed a course of higher level elementary studies and did not go on to university, or technical schools, whose most promising graduates were sometimes admitted to university.

      Some British educators thought this system to be overly rigid, and after World War II many “comprehensive” schools, which combined elements of grammar, modern, and technical schools, were established, although many highly respected grammar schools survive. By the late 20th century the eleven-plus exams had become defunct and the vast majority of secondary-school students attended comprehensive schools, with a much smaller proportion attending grammar schools or technical schools.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Grammar school — Une grammar school est, dans les pays anglophones, un établissement d enseignement secondaire ou, plus rarement, d enseignement primaire. Les origines des grammar schools remontent à l Europe médiévale. Sommaire 1 Origines 2 Grammar schools en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Grammar school — Grammar Gram mar, n. [OE. gramere, OF. gramaire, F. grammaire Prob. fr. L. gramatica Gr ?, fem. of ? skilled in grammar, fr. ? letter. See {Gramme}, {Graphic}, and cf. {Grammatical}, {Gramarye}.] 1. The science which treats of the principles of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Grammar School — Grammar Schools entsprechen heutzutage im Vereinigten Königreich den deutschen Gymnasien. Die Schulen sind vor allem bekannt für die Pflege der klassischen Studien (Latein und Altgriechisch). Der achtjährige Kursus bereitet auf das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • grammar school — grammar schools N VAR: oft in names after n A grammar school is a school in Britain for children aged between eleven and eighteen who have a high academic ability. He is in the third year at Leeds Grammar School …   English dictionary

  • grammar school — n. ☆ 1. Now Rare an elementary school: the term was variously applied to different school levels, esp. to that between the fifth and eighth grades 2. in England 3. a) Historical a school where Latin was taught b) a government supported secondary… …   English World dictionary

  • grammar school — grammar .school n [U and C] 1.) a school in Britain for children over the age of 11 who have to pass a special examination to go there →↑comprehensive school 2.) AmE old fashioned an ↑elementary school …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • grammar school — ► NOUN 1) (in the UK, especially formerly) a state secondary school to which pupils are admitted on the basis of ability. 2) US another term for ELEMENTARY SCHOOL(Cf. ↑elementary school) …   English terms dictionary

  • grammar school — grammar ,school noun count 1. ) AMERICAN an ELEMENTARY SCHOOL 2. ) a school in the U.K. for children between the ages of 11 and 18 who have passed a special examination to be allowed to go there …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Grammar school — A grammar school is one of several different types of school in the history of education in the United Kingdom and other English speaking countries.In the modern United States, the term is synonymous with elementary school.The original purpose of …   Wikipedia

  • Grammar School — Une grammar school est, dans les pays anglophones, un établissement d enseignement secondaire ou, plus rarement, d enseignement primaire. Les origines des grammar schools remontent à l Europe médiévale. Sommaire 1 Origines 2 Grammar schools en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • grammar school — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms grammar school : singular grammar school plural grammar schools 1) a school in the UK for children between the ages of 11 and 18 who have passed a special examination to be allowed to go there 2) American a… …   English dictionary

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