/gow"euhr, gawr, gohr/, n.
John, 1325?-1408, English poet.

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also called  Gower Peninsula , Welsh  Gŵyr 
 peninsula in Swansea city and county, historic county of Glamorgan (Morgannwg), Wales, extending southwest into the Bristol Channel. The old Welsh province of Gŵyr, from which the name is derived, also included extensive tracts to the north.

      Gower is mainly a plateau, 150–450 feet (45–140 metres) high, into which many short streams have incised narrow, steep-sided valleys. Above the rolling plateau surfaces are some ridges, such as that from Penclawdd to Swansea, across the neck of the peninsula, and the Cefn Bryn ridge in the west. The picturesque south coast has a succession of limestone cliffs and coves that attract tourists. The Mumbles, a popular resort area at Oystermouth, takes its name from the French mamelles (“breasts”), a reference to the two small islands off the coast. Farther west are large stretches of sand dunes, such as Llangennith and Whitford Burrows. The latter, together with parts of the south coast cliffs, is now in the care of the National Trust. The north coast, which bounds the Burry Inlet of Carmarthen Bay, is marshy and attracts fewer visitors.

      From Paleolithic times humans have occupied the peninsula. A skeleton discovered in a cave in 1823 is Paleolithic in age, and barrows and megaliths are evidence of later prehistoric communities. Traces of a Roman villa have been found at Oystermouth, and Celtic monks founded cells in the early Middle Ages. With the Norman Conquest of Gower (c. 1100), the southern part of the peninsula received an influx of Flemish and other settlers and came to be known as Gower Anglicana, to distinguish it from the remainder, Gower Wallicana, where Welsh traditions and people survived.

      Today Gower is an agricultural area, with dairying and, in places, market gardening. It is officially designated an area of outstanding natural beauty, and tourism has become increasingly important. The eastern section has become part of the Swansea metropolitan area.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • GOWER (J.) — GOWER JOHN (1330? 1408) Cet ami de Chaucer qui l’appelait the moral Gower , originaire du Kent, d’une famille fortunée, fit ses études à Merton College (Oxford) et fréquenta, sans doute, cette vieille bibliothèque où les livres étaient enchaînés …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gower — Gower, MO U.S. city in Missouri Population (2000): 1399 Housing Units (2000): 549 Land area (2000): 0.999383 sq. miles (2.588389 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.999383 sq. miles (2.588389 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Gower, MO — U.S. city in Missouri Population (2000): 1399 Housing Units (2000): 549 Land area (2000): 0.999383 sq. miles (2.588389 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.999383 sq. miles (2.588389 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Gower [2] — Gower (spr. gauer), 1) John, engl. Dichter, stammte aus einer ritterlichen Familie in Kent, war ein Zeitgenosse Chaucers und starb, seit 1400 erblindet, 1408 in London. Wie aus seinen Schriften hervorgeht, genoß er eine gelehrte Erziehung. Er… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gower [1] — Gower (spr. gauer), 1) eine der englischen Salomonen, 100 qkm groß, eine niedrige, bewaldete, riffumgürtete Koralleninsel. – 2) Halbinsel an der Südküste von Wales in Glamorganshire (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gower — (spr. gohr oder gauĕr), John, engl. Dichter, geb. um 1330 in Kent, gest. 1408; bes. berühmt seine Novellensammlung »Confessio amantis« (gedruckt 1483; neu hg. 1889). »Complete works« (1899 902) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gower — (Gohr), geb. 1325, gest. 1408, engl. Dichter, der in seinem Werke über die Liebe 2 Thle. lat., aber den 3. engl. schrieb. – G., engl. Pairsfamilie, s. Granville und Sutherland …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Gower — Gower, John …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gower — [gou′ər, gō′ər] John 1330 1408; Eng. poet …   English World dictionary

  • Gower — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Gower ou Gowers est un patronyme et un toponyme anglo saxon. Sommaire 1 Patronyme 2 Toponyme …   Wikipédia en Français

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