/goy"teuhr/, n. Pathol.
an enlargement of the thyroid gland on the front and sides of the neck, usually symptomatic of abnormal thyroid secretion, esp. hypothyroidism due to a lack of iodine in the diet.
Also, esp. Brit., goitre. Cf. exophthalmic goiter.
[1615-25; < F goitre L guttur throat]

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Goiter — Goi ter Goitre Goi tre, n. [F. go[^i]tre, L. guttur throat, cf. tumidum guttur goiter, gutturosus goitered. See {Guttural}.] (Med.) An enlargement of the thyroid gland, on the anterior part of the neck, usually resulting from iodine deficiency;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • goiter — 1620s, from Fr. goître (16c.), from Rhône dialect, from O.Prov. goitron throat, gullet, from V.L. *gutturiosum or *gutturionem, from L. guttur throat (see GUTTURAL (Cf. guttural)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • goiter — [goit′ər] n. [Fr goitre, back form. < OFr goitron, throat < VL * gutturio < L guttur, throat: see GUTTURAL] an enlargement of the thyroid gland, often visible as a swelling in the lower part of the front of the neck: also Chiefly Brit.… …   English World dictionary

  • goiter — A chronic enlargement of the thyroid gland, not due to a neoplasm, occurring endemically in certain localities, especially regions where glaciation occurred and the soil is low in iodine, and sporadically elsewhere. SYN: struma (1). [Fr. from L.… …   Medical dictionary

  • Goiter-deafness syndrome — The goiter deafness syndrome, commonly called Pendred syndrome, is the hereditary association of congenital deafness (deafness at the time of birth) and goiter (enlargement of the thyroid gland in the front of the neck) due to a defect in the… …   Medical dictionary

  • Goiter, diffuse toxic — Graves disease, the most common cause of hyperthyroidism (overactivity of the thyroid gland), with generalized diffuse overactivity ( toxicity ) of the entire thyroid gland which becomes enlarged into a goiter. There are three clinical components …   Medical dictionary

  • Goiter, iodide — Just as too little iodine can cause thyroid disease, so may prolonged intake of too much iodine also lead to the development of goiter (swelling of the thyroid gland) and hypothyroidism (abnormally low thyroid activity). Certain foods and… …   Medical dictionary

  • goiter stick — noun : the stalk of any of several brown algae (as of the genera Sargassum and Laminaria) used in So. America as a remedy for goiter …   Useful english dictionary

  • goiter — noun Etymology: French goitre, from Middle French, back formation from goitron throat, from Vulgar Latin *guttrion , guttrio, from Latin guttur Date: 1625 an enlargement of the thyroid gland visible as a swelling of the front of the neck compare… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • goiter — a dietary disease of fish caused by a lack of iodine …   Dictionary of ichthyology

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