goby

goby
/goh"bee/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) goby, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) gobies.
1. any small marine or freshwater fish of the family Gobiidae, often having the pelvic fins united to form a suctorial disk.
2. any fish of the closely related family Eleotridae, having the pelvic fins separate.
[1760-70; < L gobius gudgeon (sp. var. of GOBIO or cobius) < Gk kobiós]

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Any of more than 800 species of carnivorous fishes (suborder Gobioidei, order Perciformes), found worldwide but especially abundant in the tropics.

Most species are small bottom dwellers with a weak suction cup formed by the fusion of their pelvic fins. About 700 species are typically elongated, sometimes scaleless fishes found along shores and among reefs in tropical and temperate seas. They have two dorsal fins and a rounded tail, lack a lateral line (sensory organ along the side of the body), and are often brightly coloured. Most adults are no longer than 4 in. (10 cm).

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fish
      any of the more than 2,200 species of fishes of the suborder Gobioidei (order Perciformes). Gobies are carnivorous, usually small in size, and found throughout the world. Especially abundant in the tropics, they are primarily marine in habit. Most species are bottom-dwellers and have a weak suction cup formed by the fusion of their pelvic fins.

      The majority of species belong to the family Gobiidae. These are typically elongated, sometimes scaleless fishes found along shores and among reefs in tropical and temperate seas. Among their characteristics are two dorsal fins, the first with several weak spines; lack of a lateral line (series of small sense organs along the head and sides); and, usually, a rounded tail. Many are brightly coloured, and some, such as the crystal goby (Crystallogobius nilssoni) of Europe, are transparent. Most adult gobiids are 10 centimetres (4 inches) long or less; the Philippine Pandaka pygmaea, one of the smallest living vertebrates, grows no longer than about 13 millimetres (3/8 inch).

      Many gobies, such as the longjaw mudsucker (Gillichthys mirabilis) of the eastern Pacific, inhabit burrows in sand or mud, and some share burrows with other animals. An example of the latter is the blind goby (Typhlogobius californiensis), a small, pink fish native to California that lives intertidally in burrows dug by the ghost shrimp, Callianassa. Another form of association between gobies and other animals is typified by the neon goby (Elecatinus oceanops), a small Caribbean species brilliantly banded with blue. It is one of several members of the genus that function as “cleaners,” picking and eating the parasites from the bodies of larger fishes. Mudskippers (Periophthalmus) are amphibious and live in the mudflats of the Indo-Pacific and eastern Atlantic regions. The gobiids, like other members of the suborder, are egg-laying fishes and commonly guard their eggs, each of which is attached to a shell, rock, or other such site.

      The suborder includes several families other than the Gobiidae: the Eleotridae (sleepers), Microdesmidae (wormfishes), and Kraemeriidae (sand gobies).

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • goby — [gō′bē] n. pl. gobies or goby [L gobio, gobius, gudgeon < Gr kōbios] any of a family (Gobiidae) of small, predatory, spiny finned percoid fishes of tropical and subtropical seas: the pelvic fins are united as a suction disk that clings to… …   English World dictionary

  • Goby — Go by, n.; pl. {Gobies}. [F. gobie, L. gobius, gobio, Gr. ? Cf. {Gudgeon}.] (Zo[ o]l.) One of several species of small marine fishes of the genus {Gobius} and allied genera. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Goby — Surtout porté dans la Nièvre, le nom s est aussi écrit Gobie. À partir de cette dernière forme, on pourrait envisager un toponyme (= dépression où se perdent les eaux). Mais ce n est qu une hypothèse. À envisager aussi une variante de Gobin (voir …   Noms de famille

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  • goby — /ˈgoʊbi/ (say gohbee) noun (plural goby or gobies) 1. any member of the Gobiidae, a family of marine (mainly coastal) and freshwater fishes, mostly small and having the pelvic fins united to form a suctorial disc that enables them to cling to… …  

  • goby — noun (plural gobies; also goby) Etymology: Latin gobius gudgeon, from Greek kōbios Date: 1769 any of numerous spiny finned fishes (family Gobiidae) that usually have the pelvic fins united to form a ventral sucking disk …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • goby — Reverse salutations, goodbye, see you later. To be used when departing from presence. I m going to go now, so, goby …   Dictionary of american slang

  • goby — Reverse salutations, goodbye, see you later. To be used when departing from presence. I m going to go now, so, goby …   Dictionary of american slang

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