glottal stop

glottal stop
1. a plosive consonant whose occlusion and release are accomplished chiefly at the glottis, as in the Scottish articulation of the t-sound of little, bottle, etc.
2. a stop consonant, without release, having glottal occlusion as a secondary articulation, as in yep for yes, nope for no. Also called glottal.

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      in phonetics, a momentary check on the airstream caused by closing the glottis (the space between the vocal cords) and thereby stopping the vibration of the vocal cords. Upon release, there is a slight choke, or coughlike explosive sound. The glottal stop is not a separate phoneme (or distinctive sound) in English, though it is one of the allophones of the t phoneme in some dialects (as in Cockney or Brooklynese “bo'l” for “bottle”). It functions as a phoneme in numerous other languages, however, such as Arabic and many American Indian languages. The process of momentary partial or complete closure of the glottis is known as glottalization. The closure may occur slightly before the primary articulation, simultaneously with it, or slightly after it. Several African and American Indian languages have glottalized stops and sibilants, and many languages also have glottalized vowels.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • glottal stop — n technical a speech sound made by completely closing and then opening your glottis, which in some forms of spoken English may take the place of a /t/ between vowel sounds or may be used before a vowel sound …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • glottal stop — ► NOUN ▪ a consonant formed by the audible release of the airstream after complete closure of the glottis …   English terms dictionary

  • glottal stop — n. Phonet. a speech sound (IPA symbol [ʾ]) articulated by a momentary complete closing of the glottis: it is sometimes heard as a variant for medial t (as in bottle or water) in some English dialects, and is the medial sound in the negative… …   English World dictionary

  • Glottal stop — This article is about the sound in spoken language. For the letter, see glottal stop (letter). Pronunciation, and representation in phonetics/linguisticsThe glottal stop, or more fully, the voiceless glottal plosive, is a type of consonantal… …   Wikipedia

  • glottal stop — noun a stop consonant articulated by releasing pressure at the glottis; as in the sudden onset of a vowel • Syn: ↑glottal plosive, ↑glottal catch • Hypernyms: ↑stop consonant, ↑stop, ↑occlusive, ↑plosive consonant, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • glottal stop — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms glottal stop : singular glottal stop plural glottal stops linguistics a sound made by stopping air as it passes through your throat. In some varieties of spoken English a glottal stop is often used instead of a …   English dictionary

  • glottal stop — glot|tal stop [ ,glatl stap ] noun count LINGUISTICS a sound made by stopping air as it passes through the throat. In some varieties of spoken English a glottal stop is often used instead of a t sound in the middle or at the end of a word …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Glottal stop (letter) — The symbol unicode|ʔ is a letter of the Latin alphabet, used to represent a glottal stop in several phonetic transcription schemes, as well as in the alphabets of some languages. A superscript version, unicode|ˀ, is also used.Its shape is based… …   Wikipedia

  • glottal stop — noun A plosive sound articulated with the glottis. Syn: glottal plosive, hiatus …   Wiktionary

  • glottal stop — /glɒtl ˈstɒp/ (say glotl stop) noun a stop consonant made by briefly closing the glottis so tightly that no breath can pass through …  

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