Gethsemanic, gethsemanic /geth'seuh man"ik/, adj.
/geth sem"euh nee/, n.
1. a garden east of Jerusalem, near the brook of Kedron: scene of Jesus' agony and betrayal. Matt. 26:36.
2. (l.c.) a scene or occasion of suffering; calvary.

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Garden outside Jerusalem associated with the last hours of Jesus.

According to Christian tradition, it is where Jesus prayed after the Last Supper and before his arrest and Crucifixion. The name Gethsemane originates from a Hebrew term meaning "oil press," suggesting that the garden was a grove of olive trees. Though its exact location cannot be determined, Armenian, Greek, Latin, and Russian churches have accepted an olive grove on the western slope of the Mount of Olives as the site.

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garden, Mount of Olives, Jerusalem
 garden across the Kidron Valley on the Mount of Olives (Hebrew Har ha-Zetim), a mile-long ridge paralleling the eastern part of Jerusalem, where Jesus is said to have prayed on the night of his arrest before his Crucifixion. The name Gethsemane (Hebrew gat shemanim, “oil press”) suggests that the garden was a grove of olive trees in which was located an oil press.

      Though the exact location of Gethsemane cannot be determined with certainty, Armenian, Greek, Latin, and Russian churches have accepted an olive grove on the western slope of the Mount of Olives as the authentic site, which was so regarded by the empress Helena, mother of Constantine (the first Christian emperor, early 4th century AD). An ancient tradition also locates the scene of the Gethsemane prayer and betrayal of Jesus at a place now called the Grotto of the Agony, near a bridge that crosses the Kidron Valley. At another possible location, south of this site in a garden containing old olive trees, is a Latin church erected by Franciscan monks on the ruins of a 4th-century church.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Gethsemane — name of a garden on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem [Matt. xxvi:36 46], from Gk. Gethsemane, from Aramaic gath shemani(m) oil press …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gethsemane — [geth sem′ə nē] n. [Gr Gethsēmanē < Aram gat shemanin, lit., oil press: ? because such a press was located there] 1. Bible a garden on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, scene of the agony, betrayal, and arrest of Jesus: Matt. 26:36 2.… …   English World dictionary

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  • Gethsemane — Geth|se|ma|ne […ne ], Geth|se|ma|ni, (ökum.:) Getsemani: Garten am Ölberg bei Jerusalem, die Stätte der Gefangennahme Christi. * * * Gethsemane   [hebräisch »Ölkelter«], die Stätte des Gebets und der Gefangennahme Jesu (Markus 14, 32), am Fuß des …   Universal-Lexikon

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