genitival /jen'i tuy"veuhl/, adj.genitivally, adv.
/jen"i tiv/, Gram.
1. (in certain inflected languages) noting a case of nouns, pronouns, or adjectives, used primarily to express possession, measure, or origin: as John's hat, week's vacation, duty's call.
2. noting an affix or other element characteristic of this case, or a word containing such an element.
3. similar to such a case form in function or meaning.
4. the genitive case.
5. a word in the genitive case.
6. a construction noting this case or the relationship usually expressed by it. Cf. possessive.
[1350-1400; ME < ML genitivus, equiv. to genit(us) (ptp. of gignere to beget) + -ivus -IVE]

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Genitive — Gen i*tive, n. (Gram.) The genitive case. [1913 Webster] {Genitive absolute}, a construction in Greek similar to the ablative absolute in Latin. See {Ablative absolute}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • genitive — (adj.) late 14c., from O.Fr. genitif or directly from L. (casus) genitivus case expressing possession, source, origin, from genitus (pp. of gignere; see GENITAL (Cf. genital)); misused by Latin grammarians to render Gk. genike (ptosis) generic… …   Etymology dictionary

  • genitive — Grammar ► ADJECTIVE ▪ denoting a case indicating possession or close association. ► NOUN ▪ a word in the genitive case. ORIGIN from Latin genitivus casus case of production or origin , from gignere beget …   English terms dictionary

  • genitive — [jen′i tiv] adj. [ME genitif < OFr < L ( casus) genitivus, lit., (case) of orig. < genitus (see GENITAL): mistransl. < Gr genikē, generic (case), (case) of genus < Gr genos, GENUS] Gram. designating, of, or in a relational case… …   English World dictionary

  • Genitive — Gen i*tive, a. [L. genitivus, fr. gignere, genitum, to beget: cf. F. g[ e]nitif. See {Gender}.] (Gram.) Of or pertaining to that case (as the second case of Latin and Greek nouns) which expresses source or possession. It corresponds to the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • genitive — /ˈdʒɛnətɪv / (say jenuhtiv) Grammar –adjective 1. denoting the case of a noun used to modify another noun, indicating possession and other relationships such as origin and association; compare Jane s wallet, Japan s ambassador, a week s work.… …  

  • genitive — adjective Etymology: Middle English, from Latin genetivus, genitivus, literally, of generation (erroneous translation of Greek genikos genitive), from genitus Date: 14th century 1. of, relating to, or constituting a grammatical case marking… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • genitive — [[t]ʤe̱nɪtɪv[/t]] N SING: the N In the grammar of some languages, the genitive, or the genitive case, is a noun case which is used mainly to show possession. In English grammar, a noun or name with s added to it, for example dog s or Anne s , is… …   English dictionary

  • genitive — gen•i•tive [[t]ˈdʒɛn ɪ tɪv[/t]] adj. 1) gram. of or designating a grammatical case typically indicating possession, measure, origin, or other close association, as painter s, week s, author s, and women s in the painter s brush, a week s pay, the …   From formal English to slang

  • genitive — 1. adjective Of or pertaining to that case (as the second case of Latin and Greek nouns) which expresses origin or possession. It corresponds to the possessive case in English. 2. noun a) The genitive case; the …   Wiktionary

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