gauss

gauss
/gows/, n. Elect.
1. the centimeter-gram-second unit of magnetic induction, equal to the magnetic induction of a magnetic field in which one abcoulomb of charge, moving with a component of velocity perpendicular to the field and equal to one centimeter per second, is acted on by a force of one dyne; 1 maxwell per square centimeter or 10-4 weber per square meter. Symbol: G
2. (formerly) oersted (def. 1).
[1880-85; named after K. F. GAUSS]

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▪ unit of measurement
unit of magnetic induction in the centimetre-gram-second system of physical units. One gauss corresponds to the magnetic flux density that will induce an electromotive force of one abvolt (10-8 volt) in each linear centimetre of a wire moving laterally at one centimetre per second at right angles to a magnetic flux. One gauss corresponds to 10-4 tesla (T), the International System Unit. The gauss is equal to 1 maxwell per square centimetre, or 10−4 weber per square metre. Magnets are rated in gauss. The gauss was named for the German scientist Carl Friedrich Gauss.

Before 1932 the name was applied to the unit of magnetic-field strength now called the oersted, and it is sometimes still used in this sense (e.g., the Earth may be said to have a magnetic-field strength of about one gauss).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

• gauss — gauss …   Dictionnaire des rimes

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• gauss — [ gos ] n. m. • 1882; du nom du mathématicien C. F. Gauss ♦ Métrol. Ancienne unité C. G. S. d induction magnétique (G), valant 10 4 tesla. ● gauss nom masculin (de Gauss, nom propre) Unité C.G.S. électromagnétique d induction magnétique. (1 gauss …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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• Gauss — may refer to: *Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician and physicist **List of topics named after Carl Friedrich Gauss *Gauss (ship), a German research ship *Gauss (unit), a unit of magnetic flux density or magnetic induction *Gauss (crater),… …   Wikipedia

• gauss — GAUSS, gauşi, s.m. Unitate de măsură a inducţiei magnetice în sistemul electromagnetic C.G.S. (centimetru, gram, secundă). – Din fr. gauss. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98 ﻿ gauss s. m., pl. gauşi; simb. G sau Gs Trimis de siveco, 10.08 …   Dicționar Român

• Gauss — (gous), n. [So named after Karl F. Gauss, a German mathematician.] 1. (Elec.) The C.G.S. unit of density of magnetic field, equal to a field of one line of force per square centimeter, being thus adopted as an international unit at Paris in 1900; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

• GAUSS — Тип Язык программирования Разработчик Aptech Systems Операционная система Windows, Linux, Unix, Mac Первый выпуск 1984 Последняя версия 12 (2011) Лицензия …   Википедия

• gauss — s.m.inv. TS fis. unità di misura dell induzione elettromagnetica nel sistema CGS (simb. G, Gs) {{line}} {{/line}} DATA: 1956. ETIMO: da Gauss, nome del matematico e fisico tedesco Karl Fiederich Gauss (1777 1855) …   Dizionario italiano

• gauss — [gous] n. pl. gauss or gausses [after C. F. Gauss (1777 1855), Ger mathematician & astronomer] the basic unit of magnetic flux density in the CGS system, equal to one line of magnetic flux per square centimeter or one maxwell per square… …   English World dictionary

• gauss — C.G.S. unit of intensity of a magnetic field, 1882, named for German mathematician Karl Friedrich Gauss (1777 1855). Related: Gaussage …   Etymology dictionary