/guy"zeuh rik/, n.

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▪ king of Vandals
also spelled  Genseric 
died 477

      king of the Vandals (Vandal) and the Alani (428–477) who conquered a large part of Roman Africa and in 455 sacked Rome.

      Gaiseric succeeded his brother Gunderic at a time when the Vandals were settled in Baetica (modern Andalusia, Spain). In May 428 Gaiseric transported all his people, purported by him to number 80,000, to Africa. Evidently he was invited to Africa by the governor, Count Bonifacius, who wished to use the military strength of the Vandals in his struggle against the imperial government.

      Gaiseric caused great devastation as he moved eastward from the Strait of Gibraltar across Africa. He turned on Bonifacius, defeated his army in 430, and then crushed the joint forces of the Eastern and Western empires that had been sent against him. In 435 Gaiseric concluded a treaty with the Romans under which the Vandals retained Mauretania and part of Numidia and became foederati (allies under special treaty) of Rome.

      In a surprise move on Oct. 19, 439, Gaiseric captured Carthage, thus throwing off Roman overlordship and striking a devastating blow at imperial power. In a 442 treaty with Rome the Vandals were recognized as the masters of proconsular Africa, Byzacena, and part of Numidia. Gaiseric's fleet soon came to control much of the western Mediterranean, and he annexed the Balearic Islands, Sardinia, Corsica, and Sicily.

      His most famous exploit, however, was the capture and plundering of Rome, June 455. Subsequently the King defeated two major efforts of the Romans to overthrow him, that of the emperor Majorian in 460 and that led by Basiliscus in 468. He was succeeded by his son Huneric.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Gaiseric — biographical name see Genseric …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Gaiseric — /ˈgaɪzərɪk/ (say guyzuhrik) noun → Genseric …  

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  • Geiseric — the Lame (c. 389 ndash; January 25, 477), also spelled as Gaiseric or Genseric, was the King of the Vandals and Alans (428 ndash;477) and was one of the key players in the troubles of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century. During his nearly …   Wikipedia

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