Port. /fooonn shahl"/, n.
a seaport in and the capital of the Madeira islands, on SE Madeira: winter resort. 38,340.

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City (pop., 2001: 102,521), capital of the autonomous region of Madeira, Portugal.

It lies on the southern coast of Madeira Island in the North Atlantic Ocean, and it is the centre of industry, commerce, and communications for Madeira. Funchal was founded in 1421 by the Portuguese navigator João Gonçalves Zarco and later came under Spanish (1580–1640) and British (1807–14) control. The city's scenery and mild year-round climate attract many tourists.

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 city and capital of the região autónoma (autonomous region) of the Madeira Islands in the North Atlantic. Funchal lies on the southern coast of Madeira Island.

      Founded in 1421 by the Portuguese navigator João Gonçalves Zarco, the city was briefly under Spanish (1580–1640) and British (1801, 1807–14) control. It is now the headquarters of Madeiran industry, commerce, and communications and is the site of a relay station in the Atlantic submarine cable system. The older part of the city focuses on the Sé cathedral (1485–1514) and has steep, narrow cobblestone streets. The buildings are generally whitewashed and are surrounded by gardens of tropical flowers; they line the curving shore of the Port of Funchal and spread inland on the lower slopes of an amphitheatre of mountains that reach 4,000 feet (1,200 m) in elevation. Stone walls support sloping terraces on which there is year-round cultivation.

      Tourism, based on the scenery and the mild year-round climate, is a major economic factor. Exports from Funchal include the famous Madeiran wines, wickerwork, embroidery, fruit, fish, and dairy products. Economically significant industries include sugar milling, cabinetmaking, and distilling. Since 1960 Funchal's harbour and cargo-handling facilities have been enlarged and modernized from time to time; it is now an important regional port of call and bunkering facility. The city also has an international airport. Pop. (2005 est.) 100,331.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Funchal — Funchal, con una población aproximada de 105.000 habitantes (según datos de 2001), es la capital de la isla de Madeira, uno de las regiones autónomas de la república de Portugal. Además de la capitalidad, la ciudad se caracteriza por ser el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Funchal —   [fũ ʃal],    1) Stadt auf der portugiesischen Inselgruppe Madeira, Distrikt (und Regions )Hauptstadt, in steiler Amphitheaterlage an der Südküste der Insel Madeira, 44 100 Einwohner, mit Vororten 126 000 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Funchal — Funchal, 1) District (Capitania) der Portugiesischen Insel Madeira; 2) Hauptstadt der Insel an der gleichnamigen Bai (durch 4 Forts vertheidigt, den Südwinden ausgesetzt, unsicherer Ankergrund, wegen vieler Klippen schwer zu landen); Bischof,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Funchal — (spr. fungschāl), Hauptstadt des gleichnamigen portug. Distrikts (die Inseln Madeira und Porto Santo), an der Südküste von Madeira, an einer den Südwinden völlig preisgegebenen Bai mit schlechtem Ankergrund und starker Brandung, hübsch gelegen,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Funchal — (spr. fungschahl), Hauptstadt der portug. Insel Madeira, (1900) 20.844 E.; befestigter Hafen, Winterkurort …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • funchal — s. m. Plantio de funchos. = FIOLHAL   ‣ Etimologia: funcho + al …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

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