fulmar

fulmar
/fool"meuhr/, n.
any of certain oceanic birds of the petrel family, esp. Fulmarus glacialis, a gull-like Arctic species.
[1690-1700; orig. dial. (Hebrides) < Icel ful stinking, FOUL + mar gull (with reference to its stench)]

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Any of several species of gull-like oceanic birds in the family Procellariidae.

The northern fulmar (Fulmaris glacialis) ranges from temperate to Arctic waters, and the southern fulmar (F. glacialoides) from temperate to Antarctic waters. The much larger giant fulmar, or giant petrel (Macronectes giganteus), is 3 ft (90 cm) long and has a wingspan of more than 6.5 ft (200 cm). It nests around the Antarctic Circle. Fulmars eat almost anything; their natural foods are small fish, squid, and crustaceans, but they often take ships' garbage and will come ashore for carrion. They fly low over the waves of the open ocean, thus resembling their narrower-winged relatives, the shearwaters, in flight.

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bird
      any of several species of gull-like oceanic birds of the family Procellariidae (order Procellariiformes), which also includes the petrels and the shearwaters. The name fulmar refers especially to the two species of the genus Fulmarus. Fulmars fly low over the waves of the open ocean, thus resembling their narrower-winged relatives, the shearwaters. Fulmars will eat almost anything; their natural foods are small fish, squid, and crustaceans; but they often take ships' garbage and will come ashore for carrion.

      The northern fulmar, or fulmar petrel (F. glacialis), nests in colonies on oceanic cliffs of the Arctic islands, the British Isles, and the coast of western Europe; in winter it is abundant in offshore waters in the sub-Arctic and temperate zones. The southern fulmar (F. glacialoides) has a comparable distribution in the Southern Hemisphere. Both fulmars are typically predominately white with a pearly gray mantle, but darker colour phases occur in some populations.

      The giant fulmar, also known as the giant petrel (Macronectes giganteus), with a length of about 90 cm (3 feet) and a wingspread in excess of 200 cm (6.5 feet), is by far the largest member of the family. This species nests on islands around the Antarctic Circle and in sub-Antarctic waters. It feeds on live and dead animal matter of all kinds and is a heavy predator on the young of many colonial seabirds. Sailors call it “Nelly” and, because of its especially rank odour, “stinker.”

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Universalium. 2010.

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