fritillary

fritillary
/frit"l er'ee/, n., pl. fritillaries.
any of several orange-brown nymphalid butterflies, usually marked with black lines and dots and with silvery spots on the undersides of the wings.
[1625-35; < NL; see FRITILLARIA]

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I
Any of the approximately 80 species of bulbous, mostly perennial, ornamental herbaceous plants that make up the genus Fritillaria, in the lily family, native primarily to the northern temperate zone.

Members have bell-shaped, nodding, usually solitary flowers. In many species the flower has a checkered appearance. The fruit, a capsule, contains many seeds. Snake's head, or toad lily (F. meleagris), a species with poisonous bulbs, and crown imperial (F. imperialis), a strong-smelling plant, are commonly cultivated as garden flowers.

Snake's head (Fritillaria meleagris)

Ingmar Holmasen
II
Name applied to butterflies in several genera (family Nymphalidae).

Large fritillaries, or silverspots, belong to the genus Speyeria and usually have silver markings on the undersides of their wings. Many of the smaller fritillaries are members of the genus Boloria. Many fritillary larvae are nocturnal and feed on violet leaves.

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plant
 any ornamental plant of the genus Fritillaria of the family Liliaceae, consisting of about 80 species of bulbous, mostly perennial herbs, native primarily to the North Temperate Zone. Members of the genus have bell-shaped, nodding flowers that usually are solitary. The leaves alternate along the stem or are in whorls. A nectar gland is present at the base of each of the six parts of the flower.

      In many species the flower has a checkered appearance. The fruit is a three-valved capsule with many seeds. Snake's head, or toad lily (F. meleagris), a species with poisonous bulbs, and crown imperial (F. imperialis), a strong-smelling plant, are commonly cultivated as garden flowers.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • fritillary — ► NOUN 1) a plant with hanging bell like flowers. 2) a butterfly with orange brown wings chequered with black. ORIGIN Latin fritillaria, from fritillus dice box (probably with reference to the chequered corolla of the snake s head fritillary) …   English terms dictionary

  • Fritillary — Frit il*la*ry, n. 1. (Bot.) A plant with checkered petals, of the genus Fritillaria: the Guinea hen flower. See {Fritillaria}. [1913 Webster] 2. (Zo[ o]l.) One of several species of butterflies belonging to {Argynnis} and allied genera; so called …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fritillary — type of butterfly, 1857, earlier a type of plant (Fritillaria Meleagris, 1633), from L. fritillus dice box, from fritinnire to twitter, imitative of the rattle of dice. The butterfly so called perhaps from resemblance of its markings to those of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • fritillary — [frit΄ l er′ē əfrit′ l er΄ē; ] Brit [ fri til′ə ri] n. pl. fritillaries [< ModL Fritillaria < L fritillus, dice box: from markings on the petals or wings] 1. any of a genus (Fritillaria) of perennial, bulbous plants of the lily family, with …   English World dictionary

  • fritillary — siauralapė margutė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Lelijinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, vaistinis augalas (Fritillaria thunbergii), paplitęs rytų Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Fritillaria thunbergii angl. fritillary; Zhejiang fritillary šaltinis… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • fritillary — margutė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Lelijinių (Liliaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Fritillaria). atitikmenys: lot. Fritillaria angl. fritillary; snake’s head vok. Fritillarie; Kaiserkrone; Schachblume; Schachbrettblume rus. рябчик;… …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • fritillary — noun (plural laries) Etymology: New Latin fritillaria Date: 1633 1. fritillaria 2. any of numerous nymphalid butterflies (Argynnis, Speyeria, and related genera) that usually are orange with black spots on the upper side of both wings and silver… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • fritillary — noun a) Any of several bulbous perennial plants, of the genus Fritillaria, having flowers with a spotted or chequered pattern. b) Any of several butterflies, of the family Nymphalidae, having wings with black or silvery spots …   Wiktionary

  • fritillary — [frɪ tɪləri] noun 1》 a plant of the lily family with hanging bell like flowers. [Fritillaria meleagris (snake s head) and related species.] 2》 a butterfly with orange brown wings chequered with black. [Argynnis and other genera: numerous… …   English new terms dictionary

  • fritillary — frit·il·lary …   English syllables

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