food poisoning

food poisoning
an acute gastrointestinal condition characterized by such symptoms as headache, fever, chills, abdominal and muscular pain, nausea, diarrhea, and prostration, caused by foods that are naturally toxic, as poisonous mushrooms, by vegetable foods that are chemically contaminated, as by insecticides, or by bacteria or their toxins, esp. of the genus Salmonella.

* * *

Acute gastrointestinal illness from eating foods containing toxins.

These toxins may be poisons that occur naturally in plants and animals, chemical contaminants, or toxic products of microorganisms. Most cases are due to bacteria (including salmonella and staphylococcus) and their toxins (including botulism). Some strains of E. coli can cause severe illness. Chemical poisons include heavy metals (see mercury poisoning), either from food or leached out from cookware by acidic foods. Food additives may have a long-term cumulative toxic effect. See also fish poisoning; mushroom poisoning.

* * *

formerly called  ptomaine poisoning 

      acute gastrointestinal illness resulting from the consumption of foods containing one or more representatives of three main groups of harmful agents: natural poisons (poison) present in certain plants and animals, chemical poisons, and microorganisms (mainly bacteria) and their toxic secretions.

      The majority of cases of acute food poisoning are caused by bacteria such as Salmonella, Shigella, Escherichia coli, and staphylococcus and their toxic products (see botulism and salmonellosis).

      Among the chemical poisons contaminating foods are certain heavy metals used in fungicides and insecticides (see mercury poisoning). Instances of metal poisoning may sometimes be traced to the serving or preparation of acidic foods in certain cookware (see antimony poisoning; cadmium poisoning). Various food additives and preservatives, though generally innocuous on a short-term basis, may exert a cumulative toxic effect when ingested over a long period.

      The more common poisonous plants and animals that cause food poisoning in humans include certain varieties of mussels and clams (see shellfish poisoning); ocean and freshwater fish (see fish poisoning); fungi (see mushroom poisoning); plants (e.g., water hemlock, rhubarb greens); and nuts (e.g., akee nuts), seeds (e.g., tung seeds), and beans (e.g., fava beans).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • food poisoning — [n] poisoning caused by eating food botulism, ptomaine poisoning, salmonella; concept 537 …   New thesaurus

  • food poisoning — n. 1. the sickness resulting from eating food contaminated either by bacterial toxins or by certain bacteria, esp. salmonella, often causing vomiting, diarrhea, and prostration 2. poisoning resulting from naturally poisonous foods, as certain… …   English World dictionary

  • food poisoning — food .poisoning n [U] a stomach illness caused by eating food that contains harmful ↑bacteria, so that you ↑vomit …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • food poisoning — food ,poisoning noun uncount an illness affecting your stomach, caused by eating food that contains harmful bacteria …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • food poisoning — ► NOUN ▪ illness caused by bacteria or other toxins in food, typically with vomiting and diarrhoea …   English terms dictionary

  • Food poisoning — A common flu like illness typically characterized by nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, due to something the victim ate or drank that contained noxious bacteria, viruses, parasites, metals or toxins. The most prominent causes of food poisoning are… …   Medical dictionary

  • food poisoning — noun illness caused by poisonous or contaminated food • Syn: ↑gastrointestinal disorder • Hypernyms: ↑illness, ↑unwellness, ↑malady, ↑sickness • Hyponyms: ↑botulism, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • food poisoning — an illness affecting the digestive system that results from eating food that is contaminated either by bacteria or bacterial toxins or, less commonly, by residues of insecticides (on fruit and vegetables) or poisonous chemicals such as lead or… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • food poisoning — пищевое отравление bacterial poisoning бактериальное отравление poisoning with cyanides отравление цианидами bacterial food poisoning пищевая токсикоинфекция copper poisoning of yeast отравление дрожжей медью streptococcal poisoning… …   English-Russian travelling dictionary

  • food poisoning — N UNCOUNT If you get food poisoning, you become ill because you have eaten food that has gone bad. He had suffered a serious case of food poisoning over the Christmas holidays …   English dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”