follicle-stimulating hormone

follicle-stimulating hormone
/fol"i keuhl stim'yeuh lay'ting/, Biochem.

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      one of two gonadotropic hormones (i.e., hormones concerned with the regulation of the activity of the gonads, or sex glands) produced by the pituitary gland. FSH, a glycoprotein operating in conjunction with luteinizing hormone (LH), stimulates development of the graafian follicle, a small, egg-containing vesicle in the ovary of the female mammal; in the male, it promotes the development of the tubules of the testes and the differentiation of sperm. Though in the male the presence of FSH is necessary for the maturation of spermatozoa, additional FSH may not be required for months because testosterone can maintain this activity. In the female, however, there is a rhythmic, or cyclical, increase and decrease of FSH, which is essential for monthly ovulation. See also luteinizing hormone; menstruation.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Follicle-stimulating hormone — (FSH) is a hormone synthesized and secreted by gonadotropes in the anterior pituitary gland. FSH regulates the development, growth, pubertal maturation, and reproductive processes of the human body. FSH and Luteinizing hormone (LH) act… …   Wikipedia

  • follicle-stimulating hormone — n a hormone from an anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that stimulates the growth of the ovum containing follicles in the ovary and that activates sperm forming cells called also follitropin * * * a hormone (see gonadotrophin) synthesized and… …   Medical dictionary

  • follicle-stimulating hormone — [fäl′i kəlstim′yo͞o lāt΄iŋ] n. a hormone, secreted by the anterior pituitary gland, which stimulates the development of ova in the female and testicular function in the male: abbrev. FSH …   English World dictionary

  • follicle-stimulating hormone — follicle stimulating hormone. См. фолликулостимулирующий гормон. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • follicle-stimulating hormone — noun alternate spelling of follicle stimulating hormone …   Wiktionary

  • follicle-stimulating hormone surge — a sharp increase in serum levels of follicle stimulating hormone seen around the middle of the menstrual cycle about one to two days before ovulation …   Medical dictionary

  • follicle-stimulating hormone — noun a gonadotropic hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary and stimulates growth of Graafian follicles in female mammals, and activates the cells in male mammals that form sperm • Syn: ↑FSH • Hypernyms: ↑gonadotropin, ↑gonadotrophin,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • follicle-stimulating hormone — noun Date: circa 1943 a hormone produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that stimulates the growth of the ovum containing follicles in the ovary and activates sperm forming cells abbreviation FSH …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • follicle-stimulating hormone — (= FSH; follitropin) Pituitary hormone that is an acidic glycoprotein. It induces development of ovarian follicles and stimulates the release of oestrogens …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • follicle stimulating hormone — noun A gonadotropic glycoprotein hormone, secreted in part of the pituitary gland, that stimulates the growth of ovarian follicles in female mammals, and induces spermatogenesis in male mammals …   Wiktionary

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