Fiesole

Fiesole
It. /fye"zaw le/, n.
1. Giovanni da It. /jaw vahn"nee dah/. See Angelico, Fra.
2. a town in central Italy, near Florence: Etruscan and ancient Roman ruins; cathedral. 14,138.

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Italy
Latin  Faesulae  

      town and episcopal see of Florence provincia, Tuscany regione, north-central Italy. It is situated on a hill overlooking the Arno and Mugnone valleys just northeast of Florence. A chief city of the Etruscan confederacy, it probably dates from the 9th–8th century BC, but its first record (as Faesulae) is in 283 BC, when it was conquered by the Romans. In 80 BC it was occupied by the forces of the dictator Lucius Cornelius Sulla (Sulla, Lucius Cornelius), and a splendid town sprang up, which was conquered by barbarians in AD 405. It later declined and was superseded by Florence.

      Fiesole is a noted tourist centre. Portions of the town's Etruscan wall survive, and the Civic Museum contains relics from Etruscan to medieval times. The well-preserved Roman baths and theatre (discovered 1809, excavated 1873) date from the 1st century BC. Notable medieval landmarks include the church (c. 1330) and friary of San Francesco, on the site of Etruscan and Roman citadels; the Romanesque cathedral (begun 1028, restored); and the 14th-century Palazzo Pretorio (Communal Palace), containing the coats of arms of the town's podestas (mayors) from 1502 to 1808. The Bandini Museum displays art and furniture collections, including terra-cottas by the Della Robbia family. Fiesole is noted for its many beautiful villas and its formal gardens. The longtime residence of the art critic and historian Bernard Berenson, I Tatti, is now a study centre for Harvard University.

      Fiesole was long famed for its plaited straw hats and stone quarries. Pop. (2001 est.) mun., 14,808.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Fiesŏle [2] — Fiesŏle (spr. fjē ), 1) Fra Giovanni da, auch Fra Beato Angelico genannt, eigentlich Guido di Pietro, ital. Maler, geb. 1387 zu Vicchio in der Provinz Mugello, gest. 18. März 1455 in Rom, trat 1407 in das Dominikanerkloster von Fiesole und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fiesole — es una ciudad en la provincia de Florencia, en la Toscana, Italia. Se encuentra a 8 km de Florencia en una montaña (346 m) desde la que se ve una fantástica paronámica de Florencia. La población de Fiesole ronda los 14,100 habitantes. Fiesole fue …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fiesōle [2] — Fiesōle, 1) Giovanni Angelico da F., s. Angelico. 2) Andrea da so v.w. Ferrucci. 3) Mino di Giovanni da F. geb. 1400 in Fiesole, Bildhauer; erlernte die Kunst bei Des. da Settignano in Florenz u. war abwechselnd hier u. in Rom künstlerisch… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Fiesŏle [1] — Fiesŏle (spr. fjē ), Stadt in der ital. Provinz und dem Kreis Florenz, 295 m ü. M., mit Florenz durch elektrische Eisenbahn verbunden, hat eine 1028 gegründete Kathedrale (1256 und 1883 restauriert), mit Bildhauerwerken von Mino da Fiesole, die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fiesole [2] — Fiēsole, Fra Angelico da, auch nur Fra Angelico genannt, ital. Maler, geb. 1387 zu Vicchio im Mugello, Kapuziner in Fiesole, gest. 1455 in Rom. Malte Fresken im Kloster San Marco zu Florenz (Kreuzigung Christi mit 20 Heiligen), im Dom zu Orvieto… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fiesōle [1] — Fiesōle, Stadt im toscanischen Compartimento Florenz; hat Bischof, Seminar, Kathedrale, Kapuzinerkloster; 2800 Ew. – F. war das Fäsulä der Alten; von hier holten die Römer gewöhnlich ihre Augurn; Catilina hatte hier seinen Hauptwaffenplatz; von… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Fiesole — Fiēsole, das alte Fäsulä, Stadt in der ital. Prov. Florenz, 7 km nordöstl. von Florenz, (1901) 17.176 E.; etrusk. und röm. Altertümer; hier 405 n. Chr. Sieg des Stilicho über die Vandalen etc. unter Radagais …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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