/fer gah"neuh, feuhr-/; Russ. /fyirdd gu nah"/, n.
a city in E Uzbekistan, SE of Tashkent. 176,000. Formerly, Skobelev.

* * *

also spelled  Ferghana , Uzbek  Farghona , formerly (until 1910)  Novy Margelan , or (1910–24)  Skobelev 

      city, eastern Uzbekistan. It lies at the foot of the Alay Mountains in the southern part of the Fergana Valley. It was founded by the Russians in 1877 as the military and administrative centre of the province of Fergana, formed from the newly conquered khanate of Kokand (Quqŏn). It became part of the Turkestan A.S.S.R. in 1918, part of the Uzbek S.S.R in 1924, and part of independent Uzbekistan in 1991. In addition to its considerable industrial development—including silk and cotton textile plants, an oil refinery, and chemical works producing fertilizers and artificial fibres—the city is noteworthy for its wide, tree-lined streets and extensive parks. In 1977 Fergana expanded its city limits to absorb the chemical and oil-refining suburb of Kirgili. There is a teacher-training institute, a theatre, and a museum. About 19 miles (30 km) northwest of the city is the ancient town of Marghilon, still an important centre of silk production. Pop. (2001 est.) 183,037.

      oblast (province) eastern Uzbekistan, in the southwestern Fergana valley. The climate is continental with hot summers and moderately cold winters. The south is irrigated by streams descending from the Alay Mountains and by the Great (Bolshoy) Fergana and Southern (Yuzhny) Fergana canals. In the north the terrain is a combination of desert, semidesert, and marsh. Cotton cultivation and sericulture (raw silk production), with their attendant cottonseed-oil and textile industries, are important in the economy. There are cement and lime works at Quwasoy, oil fields at Chimyon, and sulfur and ozocerite mines at Shŭrsuw. Industry is concentrated in Fergana city, the capital, in Kokand (Quqŏn), and in the silk centre of Marghilon. The population was about one-third urban in the late 20th century. More than 90 percent of the inhabitants are Uzbek. Area 2,600 square miles (6,800 square km). Pop. (2007 est.) 2,788,476.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fergana — Farg ona / Фарғона Fergana …   Wikipedia

  • Fergana — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda …   Wikipedia Español

  • FERGANA — La dépression intramontagnarde de Fergana occupe 22 000 kilomètres carrés, dont 17 000 appartiennent à l’Ouzbékistan, le reste étant partagé de manière à peu près égale entre le Tadjikistan et le Kirghizstan. Dominée de tous côtés par de très… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Fergana — Ferganạ,   bis 1907 Nọwy Margelạn, 1907 24 Skọbelew, Gebietshauptstadt in Usbekistan, im Süden des Ferganabeckens, 226 500 Einwohner; polytechnische Hochschule; Baumwoll , Seiden und Chemiefaserverarbeitung, Lebensmittelindustrie,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Fergana — Ferghana (en uzbeko: Farg ona / en ruso: Фарғона) es una ciudad (población en 1994: 191.000) y capital de la Provincia de Fergana en el este de Uzbekistán, límite meridional del Valle de Fergana. Fergana se encuentra alrededor de 420 km. al este… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fergana — Original name in latin Fergana Name in other language FEG, Farg ona, Farghana, Farghona, Farghna, Fargona, Fergana, Novyy Margelan, Skobelev, Skobelevo, frghanh Фарона, Фергана State code UZ Continent/City Asia/Tashkent longitude 40.38421… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Fergana — Ferghana usb.: Fargʻona (Фарғона) Der Al Fargʻoni …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fergana — Ferghana Entrée du parc Al Fergani à Ferghana Ferghana ou Fergana (Farg ona en ouzbek) est une ville de l est de l Ouzbékistan de 182 800 habitants en 1999. Ce nom est aussi lié à : une vallée fertile, la vallée de Ferghana, située à l est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fergana — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Fergana Country and Admin Code UZ.03 UZ …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Fergana Valley — The Fergana Valley or Farghana Valley ( uz. Farg‘ona vodiysi, Kyrgyz: Фергана өрөөнү, Tajik: водии Фaрғонa, ru. Ферганская долина, fa. دشت فرغانه) is a region in Central Asia spreading across eastern Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan..… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”