exedral, adj.
/ek"si dreuh, ek see"-/, n., pl. exedrae /ek"si dree', ek see"dree/.
1. (in ancient Greece and Rome) a room or covered area open on one side, used as a meeting place.
2. a permanent outdoor bench, semicircular in plan and having a high back.
Also, exhedra.
[1700-10; < L: hall furnished with seats < Gk exédra (covered) walk with seats, equiv. to ex- EX-3 + (h)édra seat, bench]

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also spelled  Exhedra,  
 in architecture, semicircular or rectangular niche with a raised seat; more loosely applied, the term also refers to the apse (q.v.) of a church or to a niche therein.

      In ancient Greece exedrae were commonly found in the parts of major cities that had been reserved for worship, such as the Acropolis in Athens. Scholars and poets held discussions in the walled recesses, which were also used for rest and contemplation.

      Exedrae were often constructed in Roman buildings, as in the Minerva Medica in Rome, where they were added in the 4th century to strengthen the supports of the heavy dome. Roman exedrae of both rectangular and semicircular design were sometimes topped with semidomes and often fronted with monumental columns or pilasters. In the Pantheon at Rome, for example, three semicircular and four rectangular exedrae were constructed around the main interior wall, probably to house statues of the gods of the seven known planets. The exedra directly across from the entrance is domed; each of the remaining six exedrae is faced with two marble columns. Exedrae were also built outside Rome and Greece; an example can be seen in Istanbul in the 6th-century Byzantine churches of SS. Sergius and Bacchus and St. Irene.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Exedra — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Exedra proyectada por Leon von Klenze para el Hermitage En arquitectura, una exedra puede ser una construcción descubierta, de planta semicircular, con asientos y respaldos fijos en la parte interior de la curva. Las …   Wikipedia Español

  • Exedra — • A semicircular stone or marble seat; a rectangular or semicircular recess; the portico of the Grecian palæstra, or gymnasium, in which disputations of the learned were held among the ancients; also, in private houses, the parastas, or vestibule …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • exedra — (Del lat. exĕdra, y este del gr. ἐξέδρα, lugar con asientos). f. Arq. Construcción descubierta, de planta semicircular, con asientos fijos en la parte interior de la curva, y respaldos también permanentes …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • exedra — [ek′si drə, ek sē′drə] n. pl. exedrae [ek′sidrē΄, ik sēdrē] [L < Gr exedra < ex , out + hedra, a seat: see SIT] in ancient Greece, a room, building, or outdoor area with seats, where conversations were held …   English World dictionary

  • Exedra — Ex e*dra ([e^]ks [ e]*dr[.a]), n.; pl. {Exedr[ae]} ([e^]ks [ e]*dr[=e]). [L., fr. Gr exe dra; ex out + e dra seat.] 1. (Class. Antiq.) A room in a public building, furnished with seats. [1913 Webster] 2. (Arch.) (a) The projection of any part of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Exĕdra — (gr.), 1) Sitz; 2) in den Gymnasien eine mit Sitzen versehene Nische in der Säulenhalle u. in Privathäusern ein Zimmer mit steinernen Sitzen, wo man sich unterhielt; 3) im Mittelalter Sitz des Bischofs in der Kirche; 4) Seitengebäude einer Kirche …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Exĕdra — (griech.), in Altgriechenland eine halbrunde Erweiterung der Säulengänge oder andrer Gebäude mit Sitzen; in den römischen Privathäusern der oft runde, mit Sitzen versehene Ausbau eines Zimmers (s. Tafel »Architektur V«, Fig. 4). In der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Exedra — Exedra, bei antiken Bauten ein Ausbau, der am häufigsten die Form eines Kreissegmentes annahm und als Versammlungs oder Vorlesungsraum diente und dann mit Bänken an den Wänden ausgestattet war, wie man dies namentlich bei den römischen… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Exedra — Exĕdra (grch.), ein bedeckter oder unbedeckter Ausbau zum Sitzen, bes. halbrunde, mit Sitzen versehene Nische in vornehmen röm. Privathäusern, Konversationszimmer; in der Basilika und roman. Kirche s.v.w. Apsis …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • êxedra — s. f. [Antigo] Sala de discussões científicas, filosóficas, etc …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

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