ethanolamine

ethanolamine
/eth'euh nol"euh meen', -noh"leuh-, -neuh lam"in/, n. Chem.
a viscous liquid with an odor of ammonia, C2H7NO, used to remove carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide from natural gas, and in the manufacture of antibiotics. Also called colamine.
[1895-1900; ETHANOL + AMINE]

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      the first of three organic compounds that can be derived from ammonia by successively replacing the hydrogen atoms with hydroxyethyl radicals (−CH2CH2OH), the others being diethanolamine and triethanolamine. The three are widely used in industry, principally as absorbents for acidic components (e.g., carbon dioxide) of natural gas and of petroleum-refinery gas streams. As salts (soaps) with fatty acids, they are used as emulsifiers in numerous household and industrial products. Triethanolamine is a corrosion inhibitor for automobile antifreeze solutions and airplane-engine coolants. The ethanolamines are commercially prepared by the reaction of ammonia and ethylene oxide.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Ethanolamine — Ethanolamine …   Wikipedia

  • Éthanolamine — Général Nom IUPAC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • éthanolamine — ● éthanolamine nom féminin Dénomination des composés (HO―CH2―CH2)nNH3−n. (Amine primaire, obtenue par action de l ammoniac sur l oxyde d éthylène, l éthanolamine a de multiples usages industriels, comme solvant et intermédiaire pour la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ethanolamine — 2 aminoetanolis statusas T sritis chemija formulė H₂NCH₂CH₂OH atitikmenys: angl. colamine; ethanolamine; 2 aminoethanol rus. коламин; этаноламин; 2 аминоэтанол ryšiai: sinonimas – kolaminas sinonimas – etanolaminas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • Ethanolamine-phosphate cytidylyltransferase — In enzymology, an ethanolamine phosphate cytidylyltransferase (EC number|2.7.7.14) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:CTP + ethanolamine phosphate ightleftharpoons diphosphate + CDP ethanolamineThus, the two substrates of this… …   Wikipedia

  • Ethanolamine kinase — In enzymology, an ethanolamine kinase (EC number|2.7.1.82) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:ATP + ethanolamine ightleftharpoons ADP + O phosphoethanolamineThus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and ethanolamine, whereas… …   Wikipedia

  • Ethanolamine ammonia-lyase — In enzymology, an ethanolamine ammonia lyase (EC number|4.3.1.7) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:ethanolamine ightleftharpoons acetaldehyde + NH3Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, ethanolamine, and two products, acetaldehyde… …   Wikipedia

  • Ethanolamine-phosphate phospho-lyase — In enzymology, an ethanolamine phosphate phospho lyase (EC number|4.2.3.2) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:ethanolamine phosphate + H2O ightleftharpoons acetaldehyde + NH3 + phosphateThus, the two substrates of this enzyme are… …   Wikipedia

  • Ethanolamine oxidase — In enzymology, an ethanolamine oxidase (EC number|1.4.3.8) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:ethanolamine + H2O + O2 ightleftharpoons glycolaldehyde + NH3 + H2O2The 3 substrates of this enzyme are ethanolamine, H2O, and O2,… …   Wikipedia

  • ethanolamine — noun Date: 1897 a colorless liquid amino alcohol C2H7NO used especially as a solvent in the synthesis of detergents and in gas purification …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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