/erdd"zeuh rddoom'/, n.
a city in NE Turkey in Asia. 162,925.
Also, Erzerum.

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 city, eastern Turkey. It lies 6,400 feet (1,950 metres) above sea level in a fertile plain surrounded by high mountains. On a caravan route from Anatolia to Iran, Erzurum has been a major commercial and military centre since antiquity and is now a major rail station on the route between Ankara and Iran.

      Although its foundation was probably much earlier, Erzurum achieved real importance as Theodosiopolis, a 5th-century-AD Byzantine fortress that fell to the Arabs in 653. Thereafter it was disputed among the Byzantines, Arabs, and Armenians until taken by the Seljuq Turks in 1071; it prospered in the early 13th century under Seljuq sultans. The Arabs and the Turks called it Arzan ar-Rūm, or Arz ar-Rūm (“Land of the Romans”), from which its present name is derived. It came under Ottoman control in 1515. The city was occupied by Russian forces in 1829, 1878, and 1916–18. It was in Erzurum, in July 1919, that Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk, Kemal) (later Atatürk) presided over the first Turkish nationalist congress, leading to the establishment of the Turkish Republic.

      Historically important buildings include Seljuq theological colleges (1253 and 1308), the Great Mosque (12th century), and royal mausoleums (12th and 13th centuries). There is a local archaeological museum. Erzurum is the seat of Atatürk University (1957). It is important as a centre for trade in livestock, but it has little industry other than a sugar-beet factory; local craftsmen still excel in metalwork and saddlery. The city has a large Kurdish population.

      The surrounding region is drained by the Karasu River, a headstream of the Euphrates, and the Aras and Çoruh rivers. Agricultural products include wheat, barley, millet, sugar beets, and vegetables. Pop. (2000) 361,235.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Erzurum — Erzurum …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Erzurum — Karin, Erzîrom Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Erzurum — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Erzurum Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Erzurum — [er′zə ro͞om΄] city in NE Turkey: pop. 298,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Erzurum — Theodosiopolis redirects here; it is also a name of the ancient city of Apros, Thrace. Infobox Settlement settlement type = subdivision type = Country subdivision name = TUR timezone=EET utc offset=+2 map caption =Location of PAGENAME within… …   Wikipedia

  • Erzurum — Ẹrzurum   [ zu ], Provinzhauptstadt in Ostanatolien, Türkei, 1 950 m über dem Meeresspiegel, am Karasu (rechter Quellfluss des Euphrat) unweit der Quelle, 298 700 Einwohner; Atatürk Universität (gegründet 1957); Nahrungsmittelindustrie,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Erzurum — Original name in latin Erzurum Name in other language Ard ar Rum, Arzan ar Rum, Carana, ERZ, Ehrzurum, Erserum, Erzeroum, Erzerum, Erzirom, Erzirum, Erzurum, Erzuruma, Erzurumas, Erzroum, Erzrom, Gorad Ehrzurum, Kalikala, Karin, Theodosiopolis,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Erzurum — Erzeroum ou Erzurum v. de Turquie orient.; ch. l. de l il du m. nom; 246 050 hab. Centre comm. et industr. Ruines de l anc. citadelle; mosquée (XIIe s.), medersa (XIIIe s.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Erzurum — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Erzurum Country and Admin Code TR.25 TR …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Erzurum (Provinz) — Erzurum Nummer der Provinz: 25 Landkreise …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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