/ay nooh"gooh/, n.
a city in SE Nigeria. 172,000.

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      town, capital of Enugu state, south-central Nigeria, at the foot of the Udi Plateau. It is on the railroad from Port Harcourt, 150 miles (240 km) south-southwest, and at the intersection of roads from Aba, Onitsha, and Abakaliki. The town owes its existence to the discovery of coal on the plateau in 1909, which led to the building of Port Harcourt. With the completion of the railway from the port in 1916, Enugu developed rapidly. Its name, enu Ugwu, meaning “at the top of the hill,” comes from the traditional Igbo (Ibo) village of Enugu Ngwo on the plateau. The headquarters (1939–51) of the Eastern provinces and the regional capital (1951–67) of Eastern Nigeria, it served briefly (May–October 1967) as the provisional capital of the secessionist Republic of Biafra until its capture by federal troops.

      Coal mining is still important, but Enugu's economy became more diversified in the 1960s. Near the town's airport, 7 miles (11 km) east, is the industrial estate of Emene, where steel rods, asbestos cement products, and oxygen and acetylene gases are manufactured. Enugu also has a railway workshop, an automobile assembly plant, furniture and pottery factories, a sawmill, and smaller textile and foodstuff enterprises. A cement plant at Nkalagu, 33 miles (53 km) east, uses Enugu coal and supplies Emene's cement plant. Enugu is also a trade centre for the yams, cassava (manioc), taro, corn (maize), pigeon peas, rice, onions, and cattle raised by the Igbo people of the surrounding area and is a railway collecting point for timber from Obubra and cashew nuts from nearby Oghe.

      Enugu is an educational as well as a governmental and industrial centre. It is the site of the University of Nigeria (1960). It is likewise the site of the Enugu State University of Science and Technology (1980) and the Institute of Management and Technology. The state library and a radio station are also located there. Pop. (2006) local government area, 722,664.

      state, south-central Nigeria. It was created in 1991 from the eastern two-thirds of Anambra state. Enugu is bounded by the states of Kogi and Benue to the north, Ebonyi to the east, Abia to the south, and Anambra to the west. It includes most of the Udi-Nsukka Plateau, which rises to more than 1,000 feet (300 m). Enugu state is covered by open grassland, with occasional woodlands and clusters of oil palm trees. The Igbo (Ibo) constitute the majority of the state's population.

      Agriculture plays an important role in the state's economy; yams, oil palm products, taro, corn (maize), rice, and cassava (manioc) are the main crops. Enugu, the state capital, is a major centre for coal mining. Iron ore also is mined, and deposits of limestone, fine clay, marble, and silica sand are worked. Industries include textile manufacturing, food processing, lumbering, soft-drink bottling, brewing, and furniture manufacturing. A network of roads connects Enugu town with Awgu, Ezzangbo, and Nsukka. Enugu also is linked by the eastern branch of the Nigerian Railways with Port Harcourt, and it has an airport. The University of Nigeria was founded at Nsukka in 1960. Pop. (2006) 3,257,298.

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Universalium. 2010.

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