entablature

entablature
/en tab"leuh cheuhr, -choor'/, n. Archit.
the entire construction of a classical temple or the like between the columns and the eaves, usually composed of an architrave, a frieze, and a cornice. See diag. under column.
[1605-15; < MF < It intavolatura; see IN-2, TABLE, -ATE1, -URE]

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Assemblage of horizontal moldings and bands supported by the columns of Classical buildings.

The entablature is usually divided into three main sections: the lowest band, or architrave, which originally took the form of a beam running from support to support; the central band, or frieze, consisting of an unmolded strip with or without ornament; and the top band, or cornice, constructed from a series of moldings that project from the edge of the frieze. Most entablatures correspond to or are derived from the Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian order.

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      in architecture, assemblage of horizontal moldings and bands supported by and located immediately above the columns of Classical buildings or similar structural supports in non-Classical buildings.

      The entablature is usually divided into three main sections: the lowest band, or architrave, which originally took the form of a simple beam running from support to support; the central band, or frieze, consisting of an unmolded strip with or without ornament; the top band, or cornice, constructed from a series of moldings that project from the edge of the frieze.

      The germinal styles of the entablature correspond to and are one of the distinguishing features of three of the main orders of architecture: Doric (Doric order), Ionic (Ionic order), and Corinthian (Corinthian order). Most entablatures not associated with these three orders are derived from them. See also order.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Entablature — • A superstructure which lies horizontally upon the columns in classic architecture Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Entablature     Entablature      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Entablature — En*tab la*ture (?; 135), n. [OF. entablature: cf. It intavolatura, fr. LL. intabulare to construct a basis; L. in + tabulatum board work, flooring, fr. tabula. See {Table}.] (Arch.) The superstructure which lies horizontally upon the columns. See …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • entablature — 1610s, nativization of It. intavolatura; see EN (Cf. en ) (1) + TABLATURE (Cf. tablature) …   Etymology dictionary

  • entablature — [en tab′lə chər] n. [MFr < It intavolatura < intavolare < in , in + tavola, table, base < L tabula: see TABLE] Archit. 1. a horizontal superstructure supported by columns and composed of architrave, frieze, and cornice 2. any… …   English World dictionary

  • Entablature — An entablature (pronEng|ɛnˈtæblətʃɚ; Latin, and tabula , a tablet ) refers to the superstructure of moldings and bands which lie horizontally above columns, resting on their capitals. Entablatures are major elements of classical architecture, and …   Wikipedia

  • ENTABLATURE —    a term in classic architecture applied to the ornamented portion of a building which rests in horizontal position upon supporting columns; is subdivided into three parts, the lower portion being called the architrave, the middle portion the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • entablature — noun Etymology: obsolete French, modification of Italian intavolatura, from intavolare to put on a board or table, from in (from Latin) + tavola board, table, from Latin tabula Date: 1611 a horizontal part in classical architecture that rests on… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • entablature — noun All that part of a classical temple above the capitals of the columns; includes the architrave, frieze, and cornice but not the roof …   Wiktionary

  • entablature — see TABLE …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • entablature — n. wall that rests on top of columns (Architecture); platform of a pedestal that supports a statue …   English contemporary dictionary

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