- endangered species
a species at risk of extinction because of human activity, changes in climate, changes in predator-prey ratios, etc., esp. when officially designated as such by a governmental agency such as the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.[1965-70]
* * *Any species of plant or animal threatened with extinction.International and national agencies work to maintain lists of endangered species, to protect and preserve natural habitats, and to promote programs for recovery and reestablishment of these species. The Species Survival Commission of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) publishes information online about endangered species worldwide as the Red List of Threatened Species. Separate books for animal and plant species are also published. In the United States, the Fish and Wildlife Service is responsible for the conservation and management of fish and wildlife, including endangered species, and their habitats. Its list now consists of about 1,200 domestic species of endangered or threatened animals and plants, and some 200 recovery programs are in effect.
* * *any species of plant or animal that is threatened with extinction.In the United States the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of the Interior is responsible for conservation and management of fish and wildlife resources and their habitats, including endangered species. The Endangered Species Act of 1973 obligates the government to protect all animal and plant life threatened with extinction, including in this category “threatened” species, defined as any species “which is likely to become endangered in the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range.” It also promotes the protection of critical habitats (areas designated as critical to the survival of a species).Worldwide surveys of endangered species are undertaken by the World Conservation Union (International Union for Conservation of Nature) (IUCN), and the results are published in its Red Lists.
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