Eleusis

Eleusis
/i looh"sis/, n.
a city in ancient Greece, in Attica.

* * *

Greek Elevsís

Town, with ruins of an ancient city, eastern Greece.

Famous as the site of the Eleusinian Mysteries, it is about 14 mi (23 km) west of Athens. It was independent until the 7th century BC, when Athens annexed the city and made the Eleusinian Mysteries a major Athenian religious festival. The Gothic leader Alaric destroyed Eleusis in AD 395. Deserted until the 18th century, it was revived as the modern town of Eleusis (Greek Lepsina), now a suburb of Athens. Some of the ruins have been excavated, including the Hall of Initiation, which dates back some 3,000 years to late Mycenaean times.

* * *

▪ ancient city, Greece
 ancient Greek city famous as the site of the Eleusinian Mysteries. Situated in the fertile plain of Thria about 14 miles (23 km) west of Athens, opposite the island of Salamis, Eleusis was independent until the 7th century BC, when Athens annexed the city and made the Eleusinian Mysteries a major Athenian religious festival. After the Peloponnesian War, when the Thirty Tyrants were expelled from Athens and briefly occupied Eleusis, the city was again independent (403), but Athenian hegemony was restored within two years. The Gothic leader Alaric destroyed Eleusis in AD 395, and the site remained deserted until the 18th century, when it was revived as the modern town of Eleusis (Greek Lepsina), now an industrial suburb of Athens.

      The Greek Archaeological Society, excavating the site after 1882, laid bare the whole of the sacred precinct, which included the Great Propylaea, a 2nd-century-AD copy of the central building of the Propylaea on the Acropolis of Athens. It also traced its extensions at various periods and revealed successive stages in the structure of the Telesterion, or Hall of Initiation, first built in late Mycenaean times, before 1000 BC.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ÉLEUSIS — Éleusis, aujourd’hui bourg industriel du nom de Levsina, est à trente kilomètres au nord ouest d’Athènes, en face de Salamine, sur la route qui, du Céramique, passe près du couvent de Daphni et continue vers Thèbes. Le mot, croyait on, aurait… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Eleusis — Éleusis Pour les articles homonymes, voir Éleusis (homonymie). Vue du site archéologique en direction du golfe Saronique Éleusis (en grec anci …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eleusis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Eleusis (actualmente Elefsina) fue una pequeña población a unos 30 km al noroeste de Atenas. Albergaba un santuario dedicado a la diosa Deméter y su hija Perséfone, que llegó a adquirir gran importancia por ser la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Eleusis — Eleusis,   neugriechisch Elevsịs, Stadt im Verwaltungsbezirk (Nomos) Attika, Griechenland, an einer Bucht des Saronischen Golfs, heute Teil der Agglomeration Athen, 22 800 Einwohner; Erdölraffinerie, Stahlwerk, Sprengstoff , Zementfabrik,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Eleusis — (actualmente Elefsina) fue una pequeña población a unos 30 km al noroeste de Atenas. Albergaba un santuario dedicado a Deméter y su hija Perséfone, que llegó a adquirir gran importancia por ser la sede le los Misterios eleusinos (o eléusicos),… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eleusis — (a. Geogr.), 1) (Eleusin), Stadt u. starke Festung in Attika, dem Busen von Salamis gegenüber; war gegründet von Eleusinos (Eleusis), Sohn des Hermes u. der Daeira, Vater des Triptolemos, u. hatte eigne Herrscher, unter Eumolpos wurde es von den… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • ELEUSIS — Cic. et Starb. Eleusin, vulgo Lepsina Soph. opp. Atticae marit. inter Megaram, seu Nyssaeam urb. et Piraeum portum. Unde sinus Eleusinius, qui et Saronicus. Ovid. l. 4. Fast. v. 505. Fors sua cuiqueve loco est: qui nunc Cerealis Eleusis. Apuleio… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Eleusis — [e lo͞o′sis] town in Greece, northwest of Athens: site of an ancient Greek city (also called Eleusis), seat of the Eleusinian mysteries …   English World dictionary

  • Eleusis — Eleusis, nächst Athen der wichtigste Ort des alten Attika, an der Nordküste des gleichnamigen Golfs, ist jetzt ein Dorf, Station der Eisenbahn Athen Olympia, das außer Trümmerhaufen nur den Namen (Levsina) von seiner Herrlichkeit bewahrt hat (s.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Eleusis — Eleusis, Stadt im alten Attika, nordwestl. von Athen, an der Eleusinischen Bucht, hochberühmt durch den Geheimdienst der Demeter und Persephone. Eleusinische Mysterĭen, symbolische Darstellung des Mythus derselben (Idee der Unsterblichkeit). –… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Eleusis — Eleusis, Ort in Attika, jetzt Levsina, im ganzen Alterthum berühmt durch seine Feste und Mysterien. Sie wurden den chthonischen Göttern: Ceres, Proserpina und Bachus gefeiert, dem im Herbste ersterbenden, in die dunklen Tiefen der Erde… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”