eelworm

eelworm
/eel"werrm'/, n.
any small nematode worm of the family Anguillulidae, including the minute vinegar eel, Anguillula aceti.
[1885-90; EEL + WORM]

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Any of several species of nematode, named for their resemblance to miniature eels.

Eelworms are either free-living or parasitic, and most are about 0.005–0.05 in. (0.1–1.5 mm) long. They are found in all parts of the world. Free-living forms inhabit salt water, freshwater, and damp soil. Parasitic forms are found in the roots of many plant species; the potato-root eelworm, for example, is a serious pest of potatoes. Some species occur in both plants and animals.

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      any of several worms of the phylum Nematoda, so called because they resemble miniature eels. The term is most often applied to smaller nematodes that are either free-living or parasitic in plants.

      Most eelworms are 0.1 to 1.5 millimetres (0.004 to 0.06 inch) long. They are found in all parts of the world. Free-living forms occur in salt water, fresh water, and damp soil. Parasitic forms are found in the roots of many plant species; the potato-root eelworm, Heterodera rostochiensis, for example, is a serious pest of potatoes. Some species occur in both animals and plants.

      Eelworms and other nematodes were once placed in the now defunct phylum Aschelminthes. Modern anatomical, embryological, and molecular studies indicate that the former members of that phylum (nematodes, rotifers, kinorhynchs, and some other groups of mostly microscopic animals) have no close evolutionary relationship. Consequently, many of these new groups have been classified into their own separate phyla.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • eelworm — [ē′wʉrm΄] n. any of a large number of nematode worms that are either free living or parasitic on plants …   English World dictionary

  • eelworm — noun Date: 1888 a nematode worm; especially any of various small free living or plant parasitic roundworms …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • eelworm — noun Any of several nematodes that resemble small eels …   Wiktionary

  • eelworm — eel·worm ēl .wərm n a nematode worm esp any of various small free living or plant parasitic roundworms * * * eel·worm (ēlґwərm) nematode …   Medical dictionary

  • eelworm — n. type of small free living plant parasitic roundworm (Zoology) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • eelworm — noun a nematode, especially a small soil nematode that can become a serious pest of crops and ornamental plants …   English new terms dictionary

  • eelworm — eel•worm [[t]ˈilˌwɜrm[/t]] n. ivt any small nematode worm of the family Anguillulidae, esp. one that is a parasite on plants • Etymology: 1885–90 …   From formal English to slang

  • eelworm — /ˈilwɜm/ (say eelwerm) noun any small nematode worm of the family Anguillulidae, forming cysts on the roots of cereal or potato crops …   Australian-English dictionary

  • eelworm — n. any of various small nematode worms infesting plant roots …   Useful english dictionary

  • stem eelworm — noun also stem nematode : bulb eelworm * * * stem eelworm, a minute nematoid which causes stem sickness in clover …   Useful english dictionary

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