/dun ferrm"lin, -ferm"-, dum-/, n.
1. an administrative district in E Scotland, in the Fife region. 120 sq. mi. (311 sq. km); 125,027.
2. a city in this district, near the Firth of Forth. 51,738.

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      royal burgh and city, Fife council area and historic county, eastern Scotland, situated on high ground 3 miles (5 km) inland from the Firth of Forth.

      Early Celtic monks had a settlement there, but the community really developed around the Benedictine abbey (c. 1072). During the Middle Ages Dunfermline was one of the seats of the kings of Scotland, and ruins of the royal residence of that time survive in Pittencrief Park. Seven Scottish kings from Malcolm III (Canmore) to Robert I (the Bruce) are buried there. The surviving abbey nave, a fine example of massive Norman architecture, served as a parish church until 1821.

      Virtually destroyed by fire in 1624, Dunfermline later developed as a centre for the manufacture of linen and damask, with the associated industries of bleaching and dyeing. Today its economy is based on service activities and manufacturing sectors such as electronics. Andrew Carnegie (Carnegie, Andrew), the millionaire industrialist and philanthropist, was born in Dunfermline (1835) and was especially generous to his hometown, which remains the headquarters of all the Carnegie Trusts. Pop. (2004 est.) 43,760.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dunfermline — gälisch Dùn Phàrlain scots:  Dunfermline Auld Grey Toun[1] Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dunfermline —    DUNFERMLINE, a royal burgh, and parish, in the district of Dunfermline, county of Fife; including the villages of Charlestown, Crossford, Halbeath, Limekilns, Mastertown, Patiemuir, North Queensferry, and part of Crossgates; and containing… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Dunfermline — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dunfermline Mapa Información básica País …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dunfermline — Dunfermline, IL U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 262 Housing Units (2000): 117 Land area (2000): 0.131005 sq. miles (0.339302 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.131005 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Dunfermline, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 262 Housing Units (2000): 117 Land area (2000): 0.131005 sq. miles (0.339302 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.131005 sq. miles (0.339302 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Dunfermline — (spr. Dönnfermlein), 1) District in der schottischen Grafschaft Fife, am Forth Busen der Nordsee, Steinkohlen u. Eisenbergwerke, sowie die größten Kalkgruben Großbritanniens, Tischzeugweberei; 22,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptort desselben, Eisenbahn nach der …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Dunfermline [1] — Dunfermline (spr. dănförrlĭn), Stadt (royal burgh) in der schott. Grafschaft Fife, auf einer Anhöhe gelegen, hat Ruinen eines Palastes (in dem Karl I. geboren wurde), eine großartige, 1072 gestiftete Benediktinerabtei (mit schottischen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dunfermline [2] — Dunfermline, Baron von, s. Abercromby …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dunfermline — (spr. dönnföhr[m]lĭn), Stadt in der schott. Grafsch. Fife, (1901) 25.250 E.; Leinwand und Damastmanufaktur; Ruinen einer Benediktinerabtei mit dem Grabe von Robert Bruce …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dunfermline —   [dʌn fəːmlɪn], Stadt in der Fife Region, Ostschottland, nahe dem Firth of Forth, 55 100 Einwohner; Textilindustrie, Maschinenbau.   Stadtbild:   Die Kirche des Benediktinerklosters (gegründet Ende des 11. Jahrhunderts) wurde im 12. Jahrhundert… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Dunfermline — [dən fʉrm′lin] city in E Scotland, on the Firth of Forth: district pop. 127,000 …   English World dictionary

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