drapery

drapery
draperied, adj.
/dray"peuh ree/, n., pl. draperies.
1. coverings, hangings, clothing, etc., of fabric, esp. as arranged in loose, graceful folds.
2. Often, draperies. long curtains, usually of heavy fabric and often designed to open and close across a window.
3. the draping or arranging of hangings, clothing, etc., in graceful folds.
4. Art. hangings, clothing, etc., as represented in sculpture or painting.
5. cloths or textile fabrics collectively.
6. Brit.
a. See dry goods.
b. the stock, shop, or business of a draper.
[1250-1300; ME draperie < OF, equiv. to drap cloth + -erie -ERY]

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art
 depiction in drawing, painting, and sculpture of the folds of clothing. Techniques of rendering drapery clearly distinguish not only artistic periods and styles but the work of individual artists. The treatment of folds often has little to do with the nature of the actual material; its significance stems largely from the fact that it presents to the spectator the main mass of the clothed human figure.

      In classical art the treatment of drapery varied between tightly meticulous and free-flowing lines. In the Hellenistic period the main emphasis was on volume rather than line.

      Christian iconographers of the Middle Ages adopted the Classical tradition of drapery and clothed Christ, the Virgin, and the Apostles in vaguely togalike garments, with little relation to historical accuracy. A gentle interplay of soft folds characterized the European Gothic (Gothic art) style from the 13th century onward, and that tradition—modified by Classical influences such as the use of linear patterns—was taken over by artists of the Renaissance who painted diaphanous, figure-revealing garments. Mannerist and Baroque (Baroque period) drapery emphasized the theatrical potentialities of drapery. At the same time, many painters began to employ in their studios specialists to draw and paint dress and drapery.

      In the 19th century in France, the lavish dresses of the Second Empire made it inevitable that any painter concerned with contemporary life must pay considerable attention to drapery. With the advent of Art Nouveau this concern became even more emphatic. Also in the 19th century, the growth of popular fashion magazines and of the haute couture stimulated the development of fashion drawing as an art form evolved from drapery drawing.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:
, / , (especially in statuary and painting)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Drapery — Drapery. Drapery is a general word referring to cloths or textiles (Old French draperie, from Late Latin drappus[1]). It may refer to cloth used for decorative purposes – such as around windows – or …   Wikipedia

  • Drapery — Dra per*y, n.; pl. {Draperies}. [F. draperie.] 1. The occupation of a draper; cloth making, or dealing in cloth. Bacon. [1913 Webster] 2. Cloth, or woolen stuffs in general. [1913 Webster] People who ought to be weighing out grocery or measuring… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • drapery — (n.) early 14c., cloth, textiles, from O.Fr. draperie (12c.) weaving, cloth making, clothes shop, from drap (see DRAPE (Cf. drape) (n.)). From late 14c. as place where cloth is made; cloth market. Meaning stuff with which something is draped is… …   Etymology dictionary

  • drapery — ► NOUN (pl. draperies) ▪ cloth, curtains, or clothing hanging in loose folds. ORIGIN Old French draperie, from drap cloth …   English terms dictionary

  • drapery — [drā′pər ē] n. pl. draperies [ME & OFr draperie: see DRAPE & ERY] 1. Brit. DRY GOODS 2. Brit. the business of a draper 3. a) hangings, covering, or clothing arranged in loose folds …   English World dictionary

  • drapery — [[t]dre͟ɪpəri[/t]] draperies 1) N UNCOUNT: also N in pl You can refer to cloth, curtains, or clothing hanging in folds as drapery or draperies. In the dining room the draperies create an atmosphere of elegance and luxury. 2) N UNCOUNT: oft N n… …   English dictionary

  • drapery — drap|er|y [ˈdreıpəri] n 1.) [U] cloth arranged in folds ▪ a table covered with drapery 2.) draperies [plural] AmE long heavy curtains 3.) [U] BrE cloth and other goods sold by a draper ▪ a drapery business …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • drapery —    Cloth or a representation of cloth arranged to hang in folds. This may be a curtain or a costume, or fabric used as a cover or as an object arranged as a passage in a composition. Just as the study of various means to representing the human… …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • drapery — UK [ˈdreɪpərɪ] / US [ˈdreɪp(ə)rɪ] noun Word forms drapery : singular drapery plural draperies 1) [countable/uncountable] cloth that hangs somewhere as a decoration 2) a) [uncountable] cloth, and things made from cloth b) [countable/uncountable] a …   English dictionary

  • drapery — noun 1 (C, U) cloth arranged in folds: a casket covered with embroidered silk drapery 2 (U) BrE cloth and other goods sold by a draper; dry goods (2) AmE 3 (U) BrE the trade of selling cloth, curtains, etc …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

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