/dram/, n., v., drammed, dramming.
1. Meas.
a. a unit of apothecaries' weight, equal to 60 grains, or 1/8 ounce (3.89 grams).
b. 1/16 ounce, avoirdupois weight (27.34 grains; 1.77 grams). Abbr.: dr., dr
2. See fluid dram.
3. a small drink of liquor.
4. a small quantity of anything.
5. Archaic. to drink drams; tipple.
6. Archaic. to ply with drink.
[1400-50; late ME dramme, assimilated var. of dragme < OF < LL dragma, L drachma DRACHMA]

* * *

▪ unit of weight
      unit of weight in the apothecaries' (apothecaries' weight) and avoirdupois (avoirdupois weight) systems. An apothecaries' dram contains 3 scruples (scruple) (3.888 grams) of 20 grains each and is equal to one-eighth apothecaries' ounce of 480 grains. The avoirdupois dram contains 27.344 grains (1.772 grams) and is equal to one-sixteenth avoirdupois ounce of 437 1/2 grains. The term also refers to the fluid dram, a measure of capacity equal to one-eighth fluid ounce.

      In England dram came to mean a small draught of cordial or alcohol; hence the term dram-house for the taverns where one could purchase a dram. Dram is ultimately derived from Greek drachma, designating an ancient coin and weight that probably originated as the amount one could hold in one's hands. The use of the dram as a measuring unit has largely been superseded by metric measures.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dram — Dram·a·mine; dram·a·tism; dram·a·tist; dram·a·tis·tic; dram·a·ti·za·tion; dram·a·tize; dram·a·tiz·er; dram·a·turge; dram·a·tur·gic; dram·a·tur·gy; dram; dram·mage; dram·ma; dram·ma·ti·co; dram·mer; dram·mock; hy·dram·ni·os; DRAM;… …   English syllables

  • dram — DRAM, dramuri s.n. 1. Veche unitate de măsură pentru greutate (egală cu 3,18 3,23 grame) şi pentru capacitate (egală cu 3,23 3,80 centimetri cubi). ♦ (pop.) gram. 2. (Adesea fig.) Bucăţică, fărâmă, crâmpei, strop, pic. – Din ngr. drámi. Trimis de …   Dicționar Român

  • Dram — (dr[a^]m), n. [OF. drame, F. drachme, L. drachma, drachm, drachma, fr. Gr. drachmh , prop., a handful, fr. dra ssesqai to grasp. Cf. {Drachm}, {Drachma}.] 1. A weight; in Apothecaries weight, one eighth part of an ounce, or sixty grains; in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Dram — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dram puede referirse a: DRAM, acrónimo inglés para memoria de acceso aleatorio dinámico; Dram, moneda oficial de la República de Armenia; Dram, moneda no oficial de República del Alto Karabaj. Obtenido de Dram… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dram — bezeichnet: Dram (Einheit), eine Einheit der Masse Armenischer Dram, Gesetzliches Zahlungsmittel in der Republik Armenien und der Republik Bergkarabach Karabach Dram, Gesetzliches Zahlungsmittel in der Republik Bergkarabach DRAM ist die Abkürzung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dram — or DRAM may refer to: As a unit of measure: Dram (unit), an imperial unit of mass and volume Armenian dram, a monetary unit Dirham, a unit of currency in several Arab nations Other uses: A small railway cargo truck used in a mine railway Dynamic… …   Wikipedia

  • dram — mid 15c., a small weight of apothecary s measure, a phonetic spelling, from Anglo L. dragma, O.Fr. drame, from L.L. dragma, from L. drachma drachma, from Gk. drakhma measure of weight, also, silver coin, lit. handful (of six obols, the least… …   Etymology dictionary

  • dram — [dram] n. [ME < OFr dragme < ML dragma < L drachma: see DRACHMA] 1. a) a unit of weight, equal to 1/ 16 ounce avoirdupois or 27.3437 grains (1.772 grams) b) a unit of weight, equal to 1/ 8 ounce apothecaries or 3 scruples (3.888 grams)… …   English World dictionary

  • dram|e|dy — «DRAM uh dee», noun, plural dies. U.S. a situation comedy containing elements of realistic drama. ╂[< dram(a) + (com)edy] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Dram — Dram, v. i. & t. To drink drams; to ply with drams. [Low] Johnson. Thackeray. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”