Dionysius of Halicarnassus

Dionysius of Halicarnassus
died 7? B.C., Greek rhetorician and historian in Rome.

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flourished с 20 BC

Greek historian and teacher of rhetoric.

Born in Halicarnassus, Caria (Asia Minor), Dionysius went to Rome in 30 BC. His history of Rome, from its origins to the First Punic War, is written from a pro-Roman standpoint but carefully researched. It is, with Livy's, the most valuable source for early Roman history. Its 20 books began to appear in 7 BC; the last 10 have been lost.

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▪ Greek historian
Greek  Dionysios  
flourished c. 20 BC, Halicarnassus, Caria, Asia Minor [now in Turkey]

      Greek historian and teacher of rhetoric whose history (historiography) of Rome is, with Livy's, the most valuable source from early Roman history. This work, called Rhōmaïke archaiologia (Roman Antiquities), treats Rome from its origins to the First Punic War. Though clearly written from a pro-Roman standpoint, it was carefully researched.

      Dionysius migrated to Rome in 30 BC, and his history, which sought to justify the Romans to the Greeks, began to appear in 7 BC. Of its 20 books, only the first 11 (to 441 BC) survive in complete form. He is believed to have used this work as a practical demonstration of rhetorical principles. Peri mimēseos (On Imitation; in three books) survives in fragments and seems to have influenced the great Roman educator Quintilian. Dionysius's individual essays on the 4th-century-BC Attic orators Lysias, Isocrates, Isaeus, and Demosthenes begin with a praise of Roman writers for turning away from Hellenistic Greek models (Asianism) toward Classical authors (Atticism). He discussed the eminent historian Thucydides in an important essay and in a letter to his friend Ammaeus. His essay "Peri syntheseos onomaton" ( "On the Arrangement of Words" ; often cited by its Latin title, "De compositione verborum" ) is the only extant ancient discussion of word order. Dionysius was a mediocre historian but a first-rate literary critic who examined authors' style and historical context.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Dionysius of Halicarnassus — fl. 1st cent. B.C.; Gr. critic & historian in Rome …   English World dictionary

  • Dionysius of Halicarnassus — biographical name flourished circa 20 B.C. Greek scholar …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • DIONYSIUS OF HALICARNASSUS —    The Roman historian active in Rome between 30 and 8 BC who supported a local origin of the Etruscans (sometimes defined as autochthonous) …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

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