derivation

derivation
derivational, adj.derivationally, adv.
/der'euh vay"sheuhn/, n.
1. the act or fact of deriving or of being derived.
2. the process of deriving.
3. the source from which something is derived; origin.
4. something that is or has been derived; derivative.
5. Math.
a. development of a theorem.
b. differentiation.
6. Gram.
a. the process or device of adding affixes to or changing the shape of a base, thereby assigning the result to a form class that may undergo further inflection or participate in different syntactic constructions, as in forming service from serve, song from sing, and hardness from hard (contrasted with inflection).
b. the systematic description of such processes in a given language.
7. Ling.
a. a set of forms, including the initial form, intermediate forms, and final form, showing the successive stages in the generation of a sentence as the rules of a generative grammar are applied to it.
b. the process by which such a set of forms is derived.
[1375-1425; late ME derivacioun < L derivation- (s. of derivatio) a turning away, equiv. to derivat(us) (ptp. of derivare; see DERIVE, -ATE1) + -ion- -ION]

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▪ traditional grammar
      in descriptive linguistics and traditional grammar, the formation of a word by changing the form of the base or by adding affixes to it. In this sense, derivation is also called “word formation.” In historical linguistics, the derivation of a word is its history and etymology. In generative grammar, derivation means a sequence of linguistic representations that indicate the structure of a sentence or other linguistic unit before, during, and after the application of some grammatical rule or set of rules.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • dérivation — 1. (dé ri va sion ; en poésie, de cinq syllabes) s. f. 1°   Action de dériver des eaux courantes. La dérivation d un fleuve. La dérivation de la Durance.    Canal de dérivation, canal par lequel on fait venir les eaux pour les porter dans un… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Derivation — Dérivation Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Derivation — Der i*va tion, n. [L. derivatio: cf. F. d[ e]rivation. See {Derive}.] 1. A leading or drawing off of water from a stream or source. [Obs.] T. Burnet. [1913 Webster] 2. The act of receiving anything from a source; the act of procuring an effect… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Derivation — may refer to: Derivation (abstract algebra), a function on an algebra which generalizes certain features of the derivative operator Derivation (linguistics) Derivation in differential algebra, a unary function satisfying the Leibniz product law… …   Wikipedia

  • dérivation — DÉRIVATION. sub. fém. L origine qu un mot tire d un autre. Savez vous la dérivation de ce mot?Dérivation. Terme de Médecine. Détour qu on fait prendre au sang ou à quelque humeur.Dérivation. Terme d Hydraulique. Détour qu on fait prendre aux eaux …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • derivation — early 15c., from M.Fr. dérivation (14c.), from L. derivationem (nom. derivatio) a leading off, turning away, noun of action from pp. stem of derivare (see DERIVE (Cf. derive)). Grammatical sense is older; general meaning origination, descent is… …   Etymology dictionary

  • derivation — Derivation. s. f. v. L origine qu un mot tire d un autre. Sçavez vous la derivation de ce nom là? …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • derivation — [der΄ə vā′shən] n. [ME derivacioun < L derivatio < pp. of derivare: see DERIVE] 1. a deriving or being derived 2. descent or origination 3. something derived; a derivative 4. the source or origin of something 5. the origin and development… …   English World dictionary

  • Derivatĭon — (v. lat.), 1) Ableitung; 2) in der Grammatik u. Medicin, s. Ableitung, dort auch Derivirende Mittel (Derivantia), u. Derivirende Methode; zur Ableitung des Blutes von einem Theil des Körpers dienen die Derivationsbinden, s. Ableitung; 3) (Math.) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Derivation — (lat.), s. Deviation …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Derivation — Derivation, die konstante seitliche Ablenkung der Geschosse (s. Ballistik) …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

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