Darius III

Darius III
died 330 B.C., king of Persia 336-330.

* * *

▪ king of Persia
also called  Codommanus 
died 330 BC, Bactria

      the last king (reigned 336–330 BC) of the Achaemenid dynasty.

      Darius belonged to a collateral branch of the royal family and was placed on the throne by the eunuch Bagoas, who had poisoned the two previous kings, Artaxerxes III and Arses. When Darius asserted his independence, Bagoas also attempted his murder but was forced by the king to drink the poison himself.

      In 337 Philip II of Macedon had formed the League of Corinth (Corinth, League of) for the purpose of liberating the Greek cities under Achaemenid rule and, early in 336, had sent an advance force into Asia Minor. In July, however, he was assassinated, perhaps at the instigation of Darius. In the spring of 334 Philip's son Alexander the Great crossed the Hellespont. Because Darius had made no serious preparations to resist the invasion, Alexander defeated an Achaemenid army at the Granicus and, by the following year, had won most of Asia Minor and reached Cilicia. Darius finally advanced against him but was defeated at Issus (Issus, Battle of) in the autumn of 333. Darius fled from the field, abandoning his mother, wife, and children.

      Darius twice sent Alexander a letter of friendship, the second time offering a large ransom for his family, cession of all the Achaemenid Empire west of the Euphrates River, and the hand of his daughter in return for an alliance. Alexander rejected both letters and marched into Mesopotamia. Darius made no attempt to resist his crossing of the Euphrates and Tigris but offered battle at Gaugamela (Gaugamela, Battle of), east of modern Mosul. On Oct. 1, 331, he was decisively defeated, and, as at Issus, he turned his chariot and fled, although his subordinates fought on. He escaped to Ecbatana, and then, on the approach of Alexander, he retired toward Bactria but was deposed and killed by the Bactrian satrap Bessus.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Darius III — Shah (King) of Persia Detail of Darius III from Alexander Mosaic Reign 336–330 BC …   Wikipedia

  • Darius III — Codoman Darius III à la bataille d Issos Titre Grand Roi Achéménide …   Wikipédia en Français

  • DARIUS III — Arsamis fil. ex Sisygambe, ostanis, qui frater erat Artaxerxis Ochi, nepos, ultimus Persarum Rex, cogn. Codomannus. Coronam a Bagoa Eunucho accepit, qui Atsen, minimum Ataxetxis Ochi fil. neci dederat. Mox ab eodem veneno peritus, scelus in… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Darius III — (reigned 336 330 b.c.)    The last king of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. Darius III was the throne name of an obscure Achaemenid man named Codomannus. In the wake of the murder of King Artaxerxes IV, he was selected for the kingship by the… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Darius III — Abstammung des Dareios III. Dareios III. (Altgriechisch: Δαρείος; persisch ‏داریوش‎ Dāriyūsch dɔːriˈuːʃ; altpersisch Dārayavahusch, Dārayavausch; lateinisch Darius; * 380 v. Chr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Darius III. — Abstammung des Dareios III. Dareios III. (Altgriechisch: Δαρείος; persisch ‏داریوش‎ Dāriyūsch dɔːriˈuːʃ; altpersisch Dārayavahusch, Dārayavausch; lateinisch Darius; * 380 v. Chr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Darius III — (reigned in Egypt 336–332 BC)    King of Persiaand ruler of Egypt. Original name Codomanus. Son of Arsames, an alleged grandson of Darius II, and Sisygambis. He distinguished himself in battle during the reign of Artaxerxes III. He was put on the …   Ancient Egypt

  • Darius III Codoman — (m. en 330 av. J. C.) probabl. arrière petit fils de Darius II, roi de 336 à 330; vaincu au Granique, à Issos et à Gaugamèles par Alexandre; tué à Hécatompylos par deux de ses satrapes …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Darius III of Persia — Infobox Emperor name = Darius III title = caption = detail of Darius III from Alexander Mosaic reign = coronation = predecessor = successor = heir = consort = issue = royal house = Achaemenid Dynasty royal anthem = father = mother = date of birth …   Wikipedia

  • DARIUS III — (reigned 336–330 B.C.)    Achaemenid king who was defeated by Alexanderthe Great and lost the Persian empire to the Macedonian conqueror. Although he escaped from the battlefields at Issos and Gaugamela, he was killed by one of his own generals …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”