/dair"ee en', -euhn, dar"-, dair'ee en", dar'-/, n.
1. Gulf of, an arm of the Caribbean between NE Panama and NW Colombia.
2. Isthmus of, former name of the Isthmus of Panama.
3. a town in SW Connecticut. 18,892.
4. a city in NE Illinois. 14,968. Spanish, Darién /dah rddyen"/ (for defs. 1, 2).

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Traditional region, eastern Panama.

Extending into northwestern Colombia, it forms the link between Central America and South America. A hot, humid area of tropical rainforests, it has always been sparsely populated. The first European settlement in South America, Santa María de la Antigua del Darién, was attempted there in 1510. From this failing colony Vasco Núñez de Balboa made his famous march to the Pacific Ocean in 1513.

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      town (township), Fairfield county, southwestern Connecticut, U.S., on Long Island Sound. Originally part of Stamford, the area was settled by colonists from Wethersfield about 1641, and a separate community life began in 1737 when the newly named Middlesex Parish was separated from Stamford. It was incorporated as a town in 1820 (including the village of Noroton) and renamed by Thaddeus Bell, who supposedly likened its location to the Darién region in Panama, an area in which local shipowners and merchants had traded. The capture of the town (1781) and of Moses Mather, a strong colonist advocate, by British soldiers and local Tories is depicted in a mural at the Town Hall. Darien's oldest house, Weed Homestead, dates from 1680. Today the town is largely a bedroom community for New York City commuters. Area 13 square miles (33 square km). Pop. (1990) 18,196; (2000) 19,607.

      city, seat (1818) of McIntosh county, southeastern Georgia, U.S. It is situated near the mouth of the Altamaha River on the Atlantic coast, about 20 miles (32 km) north of Brunswick. The site, near Fort King George, was settled in 1736 by Scottish Highlanders under John McIntosh Mohr, who called the place New Inverness and established Fort Darien (named for Darién, the location of a former Scottish colony in Panama). After the War of 1812, the demand for cotton, rice, and lumber from upriver plantations and forests initiated an economic boom. The Bank of Darien, chartered in 1818, became one of the state's largest banks. The economy slumped in the late 1830s, and the bank closed in the early 1840s.

      During the American Civil War, Union forces burned the city to the ground in an amphibious attack in June 1863. The city was rebuilt after the war, the economy fueled by a demand for timber and the arrival of the railroad in the early 1890s. The city's economy is now centred on fishing, seafood processing, and retail trade. Several wetland preserves and research facilities are located nearby on the coast, including Wolf Island National Wildlife Refuge, Sapelo Island National Estuarine Research Reserve, and the University of Georgia (Georgia, University of) Marine Institute (also on Sapelo Island). Inc. town, 1816; city, 1818. Pop. (1990) 1,783; (2000) 1,719.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Darien — is a masculine name; variants include Darian and Darion. Darien may refer to: Contents 1 Places 1.1 Panama 1.2 United States …   Wikipedia

  • Darién — Lage von Darién in Panamá Daten Hauptstadt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Darién — (province) Situation de la province de Darién au Panama Darién est une province à l est du Panama. Le climat y est chaud et humide, la forêt en occupe une grande partie, elle n est pas très densément peuplée. Histoire Les Européens découvrirent… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Darien — Darien, CT U.S. Census Designated Place in Connecticut Population (2000): 19607 Housing Units (2000): 6792 Land area (2000): 12.855474 sq. miles (33.295523 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.985042 sq. miles (5.141236 sq. km) Total area (2000):… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Darien — bezeichnet mehrere Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Darien (Connecticut) Darien (Georgia) Darien (Illinois) Darien (Missouri) Darien (New York) Darien (Wisconsin) den Familienname von: Garfield Darien (* 1987), französischer Hürdenläufer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Darien II — was the last ship to bring Aliya Bet refugees to Haifa (now in Israel), on March 19, 1941, during World War II. Originally named the Pole Star, it was built in Glasgow, Scotland in 1892 for the Northern Lighthouse Board. After changing names and… …   Wikipedia

  • DARIEN (G.) — DARIEN GEORGES ADRIEN dit GEORGES (1862 1921) L’écrivain français Darien est il le fils du général Adrien? On l’a prétendu, mais le début de son existence reste très mystérieux. Sans doute fut il lui même militaire, sous officier, jusqu’en 1889,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Darién — Darién, golfo de Darién, sierra de Región de América Central, extendida entre Panamá y Colombia y el Pacífico y el Caribe. Está accidentada por la sierra del Darién. Prov. oriental de Panamá, fronteriza con Colombia; 16 803 km2 y 42 240 h. Cap.,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Darien, GA — U.S. city in Georgia Population (2000): 1719 Housing Units (2000): 832 Land area (2000): 1.976684 sq. miles (5.119588 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.976684 sq. miles (5.119588 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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