Cortona

Cortona
/kawrdd taw"nah/, n.
Pietro da /pye"trddaw dah/, (Pietro Berrettini), 1596-1669, Italian painter and architect.

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Italy
      city, Toscana ( Tuscany) regione, central Italy, on the southern slope of San Egidio Hill just north of Lake Trasimeno. The Roman Corito, it was probably of Umbrian origin but was later an important Etruscan magisterial centre. It emerged from a long period of obscurity in 1202 as a free commune. Sacked by the forces of nearby Arezzo city in 1258, Cortona recovered and had its own mint and became an episcopal see in 1325. After a long period of peace, it was besieged in 1529 by the armies of Pope Clement VII and the emperor Charles V; thereafter, it was joined to the grand duchy of Tuscany.

      Remnants of the Etruscan walls are incorporated in the medieval town walls, and the 4th-century BC Etruscan tomb erroneously said to be that of the Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras also survives. The 13th-century Pretorio (or Casali) Palace houses the Etruscan museum. Notable medieval churches include the originally Romanesque cathedral, much altered; the former church of the Gesù, now housing the diocesan museum; and the Gothic churches of San Domenico, San Francesco, Santa Margherita, and Santa Maria del Calcinaio. The museum and many of the churches house fine paintings by Fra Angelico and Luca Signorelli, a native of Cortona. The Medicea Fortress (1556) overlooks the town.

      Agriculture and stock raising are the main occupations. Pop. (2006 est.) 22,563.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cortona —   Comune   Città di Cortona …   Wikipedia

  • Cortona — • Immediately subject to the Holy See Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Cortona     Cortona     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cortona — Cortona …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Cortōna [2] — Cortōna, Pietro da C., eigentlich Berettini, geb. 1596 in Cortona, Öl u. Frescomaler, Schüler des Bildhauers Canodi u. des Baccio Carpi; bei gutem Colorit in seinen Gemälden u. vollkommener Kenntniß des Lichtes u. Schattens, fehlte er dennoch… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cortōna — Cortōna, Stadt in der ital. Provinz und dem Kreis Arezzo, 662 m ü. M., am Abhang eines Berges über der Val di Chiana und an der Eisenbahn Florenz Rom, hat kyklopische Mauern, Reste römischer Bäder und eines sogen. Bacchustempels, eine Kathedrale… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cortona [2] — Cortona, Pietro da, eigentlich Berrettini, ital. Maler und Baumeister, geb. 1. Nov. 1596 zu Cortona, gest. zu Rom 16. Mai 1669, veranlaßte die neue Epoche des auf das dekorative Element den Schwerpunkt legenden Barock; Fresken in Rom… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cortona [2] — Cortona , Pietro da, eigentlich Berettini, geb. 1595 zu Cortona, gest. 1669 zu Rom, gewandt in der Composition, mit gutem Colorit, aber einförmig in den Figuren …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • CORTONA — a Miscellocondita, urbs Hetruriae antiquissima, sub Magno Duce in consinio dition. Pontific. et agri Perusini, satis munita, Episcopalis; olim Corton. Liv. l. 9. c. 37. Itaque a Perusia et Cortone, et Aretio, quae ferme capita Heiruriae populorum …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Cortōna [1] — Cortōna, Stadt im Val di Chiana, im toscanischen Bezirk Arezzo; Schloß, Bischof, Seminar, College, Hospiz, Akademie u. Museum von hetrurischen Alterthümern (gestiftet 1736), Wein u. Olivenbau; 5100 Ew.; wohlerhaltene Stadtmauern cyclopischer… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cortona — Cortona, Stadt in der ital. Prov. Arezzo, im Val di Chiana, (1901) 29.343 E.; Akademie (Etrusca) mit Museum etrusk. Altertümer …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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