celesta

celesta
/seuh les"teuh/, n.
a musical instrument consisting principally of a set of graduated steel plates struck with hammers that are activated by a keyboard.
[1895-1900; < F célesta, for céleste, lit., heavenly (see CELESTIAL); the -a for -e makes the name pseudo-It]

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also spelled  celeste,  
 orchestral percussion instrument resembling a small upright piano, patented by a Parisian, Auguste Mustel, in 1886. It consists of a series of small metal bars (and hence is a metallophone) with a keyboard and a simplified piano action in which small felt hammers strike the bars. Each bar is resonated by a wooden box or similar chamber tuned to reinforce the fundamental harmonic (component tone) of the bar. A pedal lifts a felt-pad damper from the bars, permitting use of either sustained or short notes. The normal range is four octaves upward from middle C.

      The typophone, a similar, softer-toned instrument with graduated steel tuning forks instead of bars, is sometimes mistakenly called a celesta. It was invented by Mustel's father, Victor, in 1865 and patented, with improvements, in 1868.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Celesta — engl.: celesta, ital.: celesta Klassifikation Idiophon Tasteninstrument Verwandte Instrumente Vibraphon, Glockenspiel, Klavier …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CÉLESTA — Instrument de percussion à son déterminé, de la famille des claviers. Il est dû au facteur Victor Mustel (Paris, 1886) qui lui donna d’abord le nom de typophone. Ses fils, Auguste et Alphonse, l’appelèrent célesta. Il ressemble à un petit piano… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Celesta — Célesta  Pour l’article homophone, voir Sélestat. Célesta Classification Instrument de percussion …   Wikipédia en Français

  • celestă — CELÉSTĂ, celeste, s.f. Instrument muzical de percuţie cu claviatură, ale cărui sunete sunt produse prin lovirea unor plăci de metal. – Din fr. célesta. Trimis de valeriu, 03.03.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  celéstă (muz.) s. f., g. d. art. celéstei; pl.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Celesta — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Celesta de estilo alemán La celesta es un instrumento musical, de composición similar al piano, pero cuyos martillos activados por teclas percuten placas de metal en lugar de cuerdas tensas. Estas placas al ser… …   Wikipedia Español

  • celesta — n. (Mus.) a musical instrument consisting of graduated steel plates that are struck by hammers activated by a keyboard. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • celesta — ит. [челе/ста], нем. [цэле/ста], англ. [силе/стэ] célesta фр. [сэлеста/] челеста: букв. небесная …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • célesta — celesta ит. [челе/ста], нем. [цэле/ста], англ. [силе/стэ] célesta фр. [сэлеста/] челеста: букв. небесная …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • celesta — (izg. čelȅsta) ž DEFINICIJA pov. glazb. klavir koji umjesto žica ima čelične pločice, konstruiran 1886. u Parizu ETIMOLOGIJA tal. ← fr. céleste: rajski, nebeski …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • celesta — [sə les′tə] n. [Fr célesta < céleste, celestial] a small keyboard instrument with hammers that strike small metal plates to produce bell like tones: also celeste [sə lest′] …   English World dictionary

  • celesta — |é| s. m. Instrumento de percussão provido de um teclado que aciona martelos que percutem nas lâminas de aço e de cobre …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

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