capsule

capsule
/kap"seuhl, -soohl, -syoohl/, n., v., capsuled, capsuling, adj.
n.
1. Pharm. a gelatinous case enclosing a dose of medicine.
2. Biol.
a. a membranous sac or integument.
b. either of two strata of white matter in the cerebrum.
c. the sporangium of various spore-producing organisms, as ferns, mosses, algae, and fungi.
3. Bot. a dry dehiscent fruit, composed of two or more carpels.
4. a small case, envelope, or covering.
5. Also called space capsule. Aerospace. a sealed cabin, container, or vehicle in which a person or animal can ride in flight in space or at very high altitudes within the earth's atmosphere.
6. Aviation. a similar cabin in a military aircraft, which can be ejected from the aircraft in an emergency.
7. a thin metal covering for the mouth of a corked bottle.
8. a concise report; brief outline: An appendix to the book contains biographical capsules of the contributors.
v.t.
9. to furnish with or enclose in or as if in a capsule; encapsulate.
10. to capsulize.
adj.
11. small and compact.
12. short and concise; brief and summarized: a capsule report.
[1645-55; 1950-55 for def. 5; ( < F) < L capsula, equiv. to caps(a) box (see CASE2) + -ula -ULE]

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In botany, a dry fruit that opens when ripe.

It splits from top to bottom into separate segments known as valves, as in the iris, or forms pores at the top (e.g., poppy), or splits around the circumference, with the top falling off (e.g., pigweed and plantain). The spore-forming organ (see sporophyte) of liverworts and mosses is also called a capsule.

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plant
      in botany, dry fruit that opens when ripe. It splits from apex to base into separate segments known as valves, as in the iris, or forms pores at the top (poppy), or splits around the circumference, with the top falling off (pigweed and plantain). The spore-forming organ of liverworts and mosses also is called a capsule.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • capsule — [ kapsyl ] n. f. • 1532 capsule du cœur; lat. capsula « petite boîte », de capsa → caisse 1 ♦ Anat. Formation anatomique qui a une disposition en enveloppe. Capsule articulaire. Capsule synoviale. Capsules surrénales. ♢ Capsule de Tenon :… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Capsule — Cap sule (k[a^]p s[=u]l), n. [L. capsula a little box or chest, fr. capsa chest, case, fr. capere to take, contain: cf. F. capsule.] 1. (Bot.) a dry fruit or pod which is made up of several parts or carpels, and opens to discharge the seeds, as,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Capsule — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Capsule Información personal Origen Japón …   Wikipedia Español

  • Capsule — has many meanings in medicine including the following: {{}}In medicine, a membranous structure that envelops an organ, a joint, tumor, or any other part of the body. It is usually made up of dense collagen containing connective tissue. In… …   Medical dictionary

  • Capsule — (jap.カプセル, zu Deutsch „Kapsel“) ist eine japanische Elektropop Gruppe. Die Gruppe besteht aus der Sängerin Toshiko Koshijima und dem Produzenten und Musiker Yasutaka Nakata, der auch Produzent der Elektropop Gruppe Perfume ist. Die Gruppe wurde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • capsule — (n.) 1650s, from Fr. capsule a membranous sac (16c.), from L. capsula small boat or chest, dim. of capsa box, case, chest (see CASE (Cf. case) (n.2)). Medical sense is 1875; shortened form cap is from 1942. Sense in space capsule is first… …   Etymology dictionary

  • capsule — [kap′səl, kap′syo͞ol] n. [Fr < L capsula, dim. of capsa, box: see CASE2] 1. Obs. a small case or sheath ☆ 2. a small, soluble gelatin container for enclosing a dose of medicine 3. ☆ a) an ejectable airplane cockpit b) …   English World dictionary

  • capsule — [adj] shortened form abridged, canned, condensed, epitomized, pocket, potted, tabloid; concepts 531,773 capsule [n] tablet, usually medicine bolus, cap, dose, lozenge, pellet, pill, troche; concepts 260,307 …   New thesaurus

  • capsule — ► NOUN 1) a small soluble case of gelatin containing a dose of medicine, swallowed whole. 2) a small case or container. 3) a space capsule. 4) Botany a dry fruit that releases its seeds by bursting open when ripe. DERIVATIVES capsular adjective… …   English terms dictionary

  • capsule — I noun abbreviation, abrege, abridgment, abstract, analysis, brief, capitulation, compend, compendium, compression, condensation, conspectus, contents, digest, epitome, essence, minute, note, outline, pandect, precis, recapitulation, reduction,… …   Law dictionary

  • capsule — CAPSULE. s. f. Terme de Botanique. Il se dit de cette partie de la plante qui renferme les semences et les graines. En Anatomie, on donne ce nom à des membranes qui enveloppent les articulations …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

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