Book of Common Prayer

Book of Common Prayer
the service book of the Church of England, essentially adopted but changed in details by other churches of the Anglican communion.

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Liturgical book used by the churches of the Anglican Communion.

First authorized for the Church of England in 1549, it went through several versions; the 1662 revision has remained the standard (with minor changes) throughout the Commonwealth of Nations. The Church of England and the Protestant Episcopal Church in the U.S. adopted a liturgy in contemporary language in the 1970s.

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      liturgical book used by churches of the Anglican Communion (Anglicanism). First authorized for use in the Church of England in 1549, it was radically revised in 1552, with subsequent minor revisions in 1559, 1604, and 1662. The prayer book of 1662, with minor changes, has continued as the standard liturgy of most Anglican churches of the British Commonwealth. Outside the Commonwealth most churches of the Anglican Communion possess their own variants of the English prayer book. The Book of Common Prayer has also influenced or enriched the liturgical language of most English-speaking Protestant churches.

      The First Prayer Book, enacted by the first Act of Uniformity of Edward VI in 1549, was prepared primarily by Thomas Cranmer (Cranmer, Thomas), who became archbishop of Canterbury in 1533. It was viewed as a compromise between old and new ideas and was in places diplomatically ambiguous in its implied teaching; it aroused opposition from both conservatives and the more extreme Reformers. The latter prevailed, and in 1552 The Second Prayer Book of Edward VI was introduced. The revision made great changes in its text and ceremonies, all in a Protestant direction. In 1553 the new Catholic queen, Mary (Mary I), restored the old Latin liturgical books. After Elizabeth I became queen in 1558, the prayer book of 1552 was restored by another Act of Uniformity (1559). It included a few small but significant changes, which allowed for belief in the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist and removed from the litany an offensive prayer against the pope. The Puritans (Puritanism) were not satisfied, however, and, on the accession of James I, renewed demands for change at the Hampton Court Conference (1604) resulted in some concessions in the prayer book of 1604.

      The victory of the Parliamentarians in the English Civil War resulted in the proscription of the prayer book under the Commonwealth and Protectorate. After the Restoration (1660) a revision of the prayer book was adopted (1662), which was essentially unchanged. After the Revolution of 1688 (Glorious Revolution), a revision of the prayer book was proposed in an attempt to reunite the Puritans with the established church. That proposal failed, however, and further revisions were not attempted until the 20th century. Much controversy resulted from the revision of 1927–28; it was rejected by Parliament, which suspected “Romanizing” tendencies in changes proposed for the ministering of Holy Communion. The Church of England and most of those within the Anglican Communion did, however, develop an experimental liturgy in contemporary language that was widely used; after much controversy it was fully adopted by the Church of England and the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States at the end of the 1970s.

      Since 1789 the Episcopal Church in the United States has used its own prayer book. The book's fourth revision, in both traditional and modern language, was published in 1979.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Book of Common Prayer — n. the official book of services and prayers for the Anglican Communion …   English World dictionary

  • Book of Common Prayer — (engl., spr. buck of komm n prǟ r), die 1549 von einem unter Cranmers (s.d.) Leitung stehenden Komitee von Bischöfen und Theologen zusammengestellte und durch die erste Uniformitätsakte zum Gesetz erhobene Agende der englischen Staatskirche. Der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Book of Common Prayer — Das Book of Common Prayer ist die Agende der Anglikanischen Kirche. In ihm finden sich Ordnungen für Morgen und Abendgebet (Morning Prayer, Evening Prayer), Taufe, Abendmahl (Holy Communion, auch Holy Eucharist oder Mass), Konfirmation und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Book of Common Prayer —    The Book of Common Prayer, the liturgical text most identified with the Anglican tradition, was the first complete book of church liturgy endorsed by both a church hierarchy and a government body. It was prepared by Protestant clerics who came …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Book of Common Prayer — Livre de la prière commune La liturgie anglicane fut traduite en français en 1662 pour les églises francophones par le Jersiais, Jean Le Vavasseur dit Durel Le livre de la prière commune  (Book of Common Prayer) est le livre fondamental de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Book of Common Prayer, the — the official book, used in Church of England and Episcopal churches, that contains the prayers used during a church service …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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