bone china

bone china
a fine, naturally white china made with bone ash. Also called bone porcelain.

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Hard-paste porcelain containing bone ash.

It was developed by Josiah Spode (1754–1827) in England с 1800. The addition of bone ash to china stone and china clay (i.e., hard china) made bone china easier to manufacture; it is stronger, does not chip easily, and has an ivory-white colour that lends itself to decoration. Other factories (Minton, Derby, Worcester, Wedgwood, Rockingham) adopted the formula in the early 19th century. Bone china remains popular for tableware in Britain and the U.S. See also stoneware.

Wedgwood bone china plate, Staffordshire, 1815–20; in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London.

By courtesy of the Victoria and Albert Museum, London; photograph, EB Inc.

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 hybrid hard-paste porcelain containing bone ash. The initial development of bone china is attributed to Josiah Spode the Second, who introduced it around 1800. His basic formula of six parts bone ash, four parts china stone, and three and a half parts china clay remains the standard English body. Although hard porcelain is strong, it chips fairly easily and, unless specially treated, is usually tinged with blue or gray. Somewhat easier to manufacture, bone china is strong, does not chip easily, and has an ivory-white appearance.

      Shortly after its introduction, the formula for bone china was being utilized by Spode's competitors—Minton, Coalport, Davenport, Derby, Worcester, and the Herculaneum factory at Liverpool. Later entrants in the field were New Hall in 1810, Wedgwood in 1812, and Rockingham in 1820. Quality, as much as form and decoration, varied from factory to factory; some tended, after about 1820, toward brilliant colour, lavish gilding, and overcrowded design; others produced tasteful, simply ornamented tableware. Since much early bone china was issued unmarked, speculative attribution has been inevitable. Bone china is most popular for table services in England and the United States.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • bone china — n. translucent china made with white clay to which bone ash or calcium phosphate has been added …   English World dictionary

  • bone china — n [U] delicate and expensive cups, plates etc that are made partly with crushed bone …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Bone China — Bone Chi|na [ boun tʃainə] das; <aus engl. bone china »Knochenporzellan«> Porzellan, das Knochenasche enthält …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • bone china — noun uncount very delicate cups, plates, etc., made from clay mixed with crushed bone …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • bone china — ► NOUN ▪ white porcelain containing the mineral residue of burnt bones …   English terms dictionary

  • Bone china — url= popup.html title= Bone china work=Ceramics accessdate= 2007 12 06] Victoria and Albert Museum, London] Bone china is a type of porcelain body first developed in Britain in which calcined cattle bone… …   Wikipedia

  • bone china — noun fine porcelain that contains bone ash • Hypernyms: ↑china * * * noun [noncount] : thin white plates, bowls, cups, etc., made from clay and crushed bones * * * ˌbone ˈchina [bone china] …   Useful english dictionary

  • bone china — N UNCOUNT Bone china is a kind of thin china that contains powdered bone …   English dictionary

  • Bone China — Knochenporzellan (engl. Bone China) ist ein Weichporzellan, besitzt aber dennoch eine sehr hohe Kantenschlagfestigkeit. Zusätzlich zu Kaolin, Feldspat und Quarzsand enthält es einen 52 prozentigen Anteil verglühter Knochenasche, woraus der Name… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bone china — bone′ chi′na n. cer a fine, naturally white china made with bone ash …   From formal English to slang

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