Birkenhead

Birkenhead
/berr"keuhn hed'/, n.
a seaport in Merseyside metropolitan county, in W England, on the Mersey River opposite Liverpool. 135,750.

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      seaport in the metropolitan borough of Wirral, metropolitan county of Merseyside, historic county of Cheshire, England, on the Wirral Peninsula facing Liverpool at the mouth of the River Mersey (Mersey, River). The community was a hamlet of 106 inhabitants as late as 1810. Its subsequent rapid development began with the establishment of boiler works and a shipyard on Wallasey Pool, a creek of the Mersey, in 1824 by William Laird, a pioneer in the construction of iron ships. Laird also laid out the nucleus of the town on a grid plan. In 1828 proposals were made for the conversion of Wallasey Pool into an artificial basin. The first docks were built in less than five years and opened in 1847. With nearly 6 miles (10 km) of quay facilities, they have been under the control of the Mersey Docks and Harbour Company since 1857. Besides sharing in the general trade of the Mersey, Birkenhead developed an individual trade in the export of manufactures from the Midlands, the import of cattle from Ireland, and the export and import of goods with the Eastern tropics. The two main basins of the dock system attracted a gigantic flour-milling industry that made Birkenhead the largest milling centre in Europe. A vast cattle and meat trade is carried on at an abattoir on the riverfront. Shipbuilding and ship repairing continue, along with heavy and light engineering, food processing, and clothing manufacture. A ferry crossing the Mersey to Liverpool dates from 1330. A railway tunnel under the river was completed in 1886, and the vehicular Mersey Tunnel was opened in 1934. Birkenhead Park was laid out in 1847. Pop. (2001) 83,729.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Birkenhead — …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Birkenhead — (spr. Börkenhedd), 1845 neuerbaute Stadt in der Grafschaft Manchester, am Mersey, Liverpool gegenüber, Hafen, Stadthalle, bedeutende Industrie, der Livervools ähnlich, 40,000 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Birkenhead — (spr. börkenhedd), Hafenstadt (municipal borough) und Grafschaft im nordwestlichen England, am Mersey, Liverpool gegenüber und mit diesem seit 1886 durch einen 1,6 km langen Eisenbahntunnel verbunden, ist regelmäßig gebaut, hat breue Straßen,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Birkenhead — (spr. börkenhedd), Hafen und Fabrikstadt in der engl. Grafsch. Chester, l. am Mersey, mit dem gegenüberliegenden Liverpool durch Tunnel verbunden, (1904) 114.814 E.; Docks, Schiffbau …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Birkenhead — (–hädd), engl. Stadt in der Grafschaft Chester, mit Hafen, Eisenbahnverbindung mit den engl. Hauptplätzen, rasch aufblühende Handels und Fabrikstadt, 39000 E …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Birkenhead —   [ bəːkənhed], Hafenstadt in der Metropolitan County Merseyside, England, am Mersey, 93 100 Einwohner; mit dem gegenüberliegenden Liverpool durch einen Eisenbahntunnel und zwei Straßentunnel verbunden; technisches College, ozeanographisches… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Birkenhead — [bʉr′kən hed΄] seaport in W England, at the mouth of the Mersey: county district pop. (1981 census) 100,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Birkenhead — For other uses, see Birkenhead (disambiguation). Coordinates: 53°23′35″N 3°00′50″W / 53.393°N 3.014°W / 53.393; 3.014 …   Wikipedia

  • Birkenhead — 53° 23′ 35″ N 3° 00′ 50″ W / 53.393, 3.014 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Birkenhead — 1 Original name in latin Birkenhead Name in other language Birkenhead State code AU Continent/City Australia/Adelaide longitude 34.83333 latitude 138.5 altitude 6 Population 1679 Date 2012 01 18 2 Original name in latin Birkenhead Name in other… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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