/ben"jeuh meuhn/, n.benzoin1 (def. 2).[1570-80; alter. (by assoc. with the proper name) of benjoin, early form of BENZOIN1]
* * *(as used in expressions)Banneker BenjaminBenjamin Judah PhilipBenjamin WalterBenjamin KubelskyBloch Marc Léopold BenjaminBradlee Benjamin CrowninshieldBritten of Aldeburgh Edward Benjamin Britten BaronButler Benjamin FranklinCardozo Benjamin NathanConstant de Rebecque Henri BenjaminDavis Benjamin Oliver Jr.Disraeli Benjamin earl of BeaconsfieldFranklin BenjaminBenjamin David GoodmanHenry Benjamin GreenbergHarrison BenjaminWilliam Benjamin HoganHuntsman BenjaminJonson BenjaminLatrobe Benjamin HenryLincoln BenjaminLundy BenjaminNorris Benjamin FranklinRush BenjaminShahn BenjaminBenjamin SiegelSpock Benjamin McLaneTillman Benjamin RyanTracy Benjamin FranklinWade Benjamin FranklinWebster Benjamin FrancisBenjamin Franklin WedekindWest BenjaminWhorf Benjamin Lee
* * *▪ Hebrew tribeaccording to biblical tradition, one of the 12 tribes that constituted the people of Israel, and one of the two tribes (along with Judah) that later became the Jewish (Judaism) people. The tribe was named after the younger of two children born to Jacob (also called Israel) and his second wife, Rachel.After the death of Moses, Joshua led the Israelites into the Promised Land and, dividing the territory among the 12 tribes, assigned south-central Palestine to the tribe of Benjamin. Members of the tribe were separated when two distinct kingdoms were established after the death of King Solomon (Solomon) (922 BC) and the territory of Benjamin was divided between them. Jews belonging to the 10 tribes of the northern kingdom of Israel disappeared from history after the Assyrian conquest of 721 BC and are known in legend as the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel. Benjaminites in the southern kingdom of Judah were assimilated by the more powerful tribe of Judah and gradually lost their identity. Modern Jews thus consider themselves to be descendants of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin or are classed as Levites to indicate an affinity with the religious functionaries who at one time exercised the priesthood in ancient Israel. Saul, the first of Israel's kings, and St. Paul the Apostle were both of the tribe of Benjamin.
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