background

background
/bak"grownd'/, n.
1. the ground or parts, as of a scene, situated in the rear (opposed to foreground).
2. Fine Arts.
a. the part of a painted or carved surface against which represented objects and forms are perceived or depicted: a portrait against a purple background.
b. the part of an image represented as being at maximum distance from the frontal plane.
3. one's origin, education, experience, etc., in relation to one's present character, status, etc.
4. the social, historical, and other antecedents or causes of an event or condition: the background of the war.
5. the complex of physical, cultural, and psychological factors that serves as the environment of an event or experience; the set of conditions against which an occurrence is perceived.
6. Physics. the totality of effects that tend to obscure a phenomenon under investigation and above which the phenomenon must be detected.
7. Telecommunications. (in an electronic device for transmitting or receiving signals) the sum of the effects, as noise or random signals, from which a phenomenon must differentiate itself in character or degree in order to be detected.
8. in or into the background, unobtrusive; inconspicuous; out of sight or notice; in or into obscurity: He kept his dishonest dealings in the background.
adj.
9. of, pertaining to, or serving as a background: background noise.
v.t.
10. to supply a background to: The passenger's idle thoughts were backgrounded by the drone of the plane's engines.
11. to supply a background of information for: To background themselves, reporters dug through all available files on the case.
[1665-75; BACK1 + GROUND1]
Syn. 4. environment, circumstances, upbringing, milieu, element, sphere, medium.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • background — ack ground , n. [Back, a. + ground.] [1913 Webster] 1. Ground in the rear or behind, or in the distance, as opposed to the {foreground}, or the ground in front. [1913 Webster] 2. (Paint.) The space which is behind and subordinate to a portrait… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • background — back‧ground [ˈbækgraʊnd] noun [countable] 1. HUMAN RESOURCES someone s past, for example their education, qualifications, and the jobs they have had: • We are looking for someone with a background in tourism. 2. in the background COMPUTING a… …   Financial and business terms

  • background — background, setting, environment, milieu, mise en scène, backdrop are comparable when they refer to persons and their actions as found in real life or as represented in art and denote the place, time, circumstances, and conditions in which those… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • background — [ bakgraund ] n. m. • 1953; mot angl. , de back « qui est derrière » et ground « sol » ♦ Anglic. Arrière plan, cadre, contexte (d une action, d un événement). Recomm. offic. arrière plan. ● background nom masculin (mot anglais) Contexte, arrière… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • background — BACKGROUND, backgrounduri, s.n. 1. (Englezism) Fundal. 2. Fond sonor al unei partituri solistice în jaz. 3. Tehnică de filmare la care fundalul este obţinut prin retroproiecţie. [pr.: bécgraund] – Din engl. background. Trimis de paula, 13.09.2007 …   Dicționar Român

  • background — [bak′ground΄] n. 1. the part of a scene or picture that is or seems to be toward the back 2. surroundings, esp. those behind something and providing harmony or contrast; surface against which something is seen 3. a less important or unobtrusive… …   English World dictionary

  • background — (izg. bȅkgraund) m DEFINICIJA term. 1. površina ili prostor na kojem se predmeti ili pojave ili vide ili prikazuju; podloga, pozadina 2. a. obitelj iz koje netko potječe, njegova izobrazba, društveno i nacionalno podrijetlo, ono što čini… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • background — La voz inglesa background se emplea con cierta frecuencia en español con los sentidos de ‘conjunto de circunstancias vitales, conocimientos o experiencias que han contribuido a la formación de una persona’ y ‘orígenes o antecedentes de una… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Background — Background: Das Fremdwort mit der Bedeutung »Hintergrund; Milieu; musikalische Begleitung; Lebenserfahrung« wurde in der 2. Hälfte des 20. Jh.s aus gleichbed. engl. background entlehnt, aus back »zurück« und ground »‹Hinter›grund« …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • background — index atmosphere, basis, case (set of circumstances), context, determinant, preparation, scene Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burto …   Law dictionary

  • background — / bækgraʊnd/, it. /bɛk graund/ s. ingl. [comp. di back dietro e ground terreno, campo ], usato in ital. al masch. 1. [complesso di fatti e circostanze che fanno da sfondo a un avvenimento e lo spiegano] ▶◀ retroscena, retroterra, sfondo. ↑ causa …   Enciclopedia Italiana

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