Atreus

Atreus
/ay"tree euhs, ay"tryoohs/, n. Class. Myth.
the father of Plisthenes, Agamemnon, Menelaus, and Anaxibia upon whose house Thyestes pronounced a curse.

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In Greek legend, the son of Pelops.

Atreus became king of Mycenae and drove out his brother Thyestes. Plagued by a curse on the house of Pelops, Atreus murdered his own son Pleisthenes and was eventually killed by the nephew he had raised as a son. Two more sons, Agamemnon and Menelaus, fought in the Trojan War.

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      in Greek legend, the son of Pelops of Mycenae and his wife, Hippodamia. Atreus was the elder brother of Thyestes and was the king of Mycenae. The story of his family—the House of Atreus—is virtually unrivaled in antiquity for complexity and corruption. There are several different accounts of Atreus's feud with Thyestes.

      A curse, said to have been pronounced by Myrtilus, plagued the descendants of Pelops. His sons Alcathous, Atreus, and Thyestes set upon a bloody course with the murder of their stepbrother Chrysippus, the son of Pelops's union with a nymph. After the crime the three brothers fled their native city of Pisa; Alcathous went to Megara, and Atreus and Thyestes stopped at Mycenae, where Atreus became king. But Thyestes either contested Atreus's right to rule or seduced Atreus's wife, Aërope, and thus was driven from Mycenae. To avenge himself, Thyestes sent Pleisthenes (Atreus's son, whom Thyestes had brought up as his own and who does not figure in every version of the story), to kill Atreus, but the boy was himself slain, unrecognized by his father.

      When Atreus learned the identity of the boy, he recalled Thyestes to Mycenae in apparent reconciliation. At a banquet Atreus served Thyestes the flesh of Thyestes' own son (or sons), whom Atreus had slain in vengeance for the death of Pleisthenes. Thyestes fled in horror to Sicyon; there he impregnated his own daughter Pelopia in the hope of raising one more son to avenge himself. Atreus subsequently married Pelopia, and she afterward bore Aegisthus. Atreus believed this child to be his own, but Aegisthus was in fact the son of Thyestes.

      According to one version of the story, Agamemnon and Menelaus—sons of Atreus and Aërope—found Thyestes at Delphi and imprisoned him at Mycenae. Aegisthus was sent to murder Thyestes, but each recognized the other because of the sword that Pelopia had taken from her father and given to her son. Father and son slew Atreus, seized the throne, and drove Agamemnon and Menelaus out of the country.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Atreus — (altgr. Ατρεύς = Furchtlos) ist in der griechischen Mythologie ein König von Mykene, der Sohn des Pelops und der Hippodameia, der Enkel des Tantalos und der Vater von Agamemnon und Menelaos, den Atriden, zweier griechischer Helden vor Troja.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Atreus — {{Atreus}} Sohn des Pelops* und der Hippodameia*, Enkel des Tantalos*, Bruder des Thyestes* und Chrysippos*, den er im Bund mit Thyestes tötete; Vater des Agamemnon* und Menelaos*. Von Pelops wegen des Brudermords verbannt, gehen Atreus und… …   Who's who in der antiken Mythologie

  • Atreus — Atreus,   griechisch Atreus, griechischer Mythos: Enkel des Tantalos, Sohn des Pelops und der Hippodameia, Vater des Agamemnon und des Menelaos (der Atriden). Der auf Pelops ruhende Fluch wirkte auf Atreus weiter: Bluttaten begleiteten seine… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • ATREUS — Pelopis et Hippodamiae fil. post avunculum Eurystheum, qui ipsum contra Heraclidas moturus Regno praefecerat, Rex, Mycenarum et Argivae regnavit per ann. 5. Thyesten fratrem qui ipsi χρυσην̑ ἄρνα, agnum aurei velleris surripuit, concubitu uxoris… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Atreus — Atreus, Enkel des Tantalos, Sohn des Pelops u. der Hippodamia, wegen Ermordung seines Halbbruders Chrysippos mit seinem Bruder Thyestes nach Mykenä geflohen, heirathete er dort die Aërope, Tochter des Eurystheus, u. folgte diesem nach seinem Tode …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Atreus — Atreus, im griech. Mythus Sohn des Pelops (s. d.) und der Hippodameia, älterer Bruder des Thyestes, Vater des Agamemnon und Menelaos, der sogen. Atriden. Mit Thyestes tötete A. seinen Stiefbruder Chrysippos, flüchtete vor dem Zorn des Vaters nach …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Atreus — Atreus, Sohn des Pelops und der Hippodameia, Enkel des Tantalos, Gatte der Aërope, Vater des Agamemnon und Menelaos (Atrīden), gewann die Herrschaft über Mykenä, wo sein Bruder Thyestes Aërope verführte. Thyestes ward von A. vertrieben und andere …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Atreus — Atreus, myth., Sohn des Pelops, Enkel des Tantalus, Bruder des Thyestes, der in unreiner Liebe zu der Gattin des A. entbrannte, die Veranlassung zu den Greueln des A., wodurch er den Fluch der Götter auf sein Haus (die Atriden) bis in das dritte… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Atreus — son of Pelops, father of Agamemnon and Menelaeus …   Etymology dictionary

  • Atreus — [ā′trē əs] n. [L < Gr] Gr. Myth. a king of Mycenae and father of Agamemnon and Menelaus: to avenge the treachery of his brother, Thyestes, he kills Thyestes sons and serves their flesh to him at a banquet …   English World dictionary

  • Atreus — In Greek mythology, King Atreus (Greek: Ατρεύς, Atreús) (fearless) of Mycenae was the son of Pelops and Hippodamia, and father of Agamemnon and Menelaus. Collectively, his descendants are known as Atreidai or Atreidae.Atreus and his twin brother… …   Wikipedia

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