/ahr"theuhr/, n.1. Chester Alan, 1830-86, 21st president of the U.S. 1881-85.2. legendary king in ancient Britain: leader of the Knights of the Round Table.3. a male given name.
* * *(as used in expressions)Adamov ArthurArthur's PassArthur Chester AlanAshe Arthur Robert Jr.Baldwin James ArthurBalfour of Whittingehame Arthur James 1st EarlBell Arthur Clive HewardBliss Sir Arthur Edward DrummondBuchwald ArthurCary Arthur Joyce LunelChamberlain Arthur NevilleCharles Philip Arthur George prince of WalesClarke Arthur CharlesCompton Arthur HollyConan Doyle Sir ArthurCurrie Sir Arthur WilliamDart Raymond ArthurDubuffet Jean Philippe ArthurEddington Sir Arthur StanleyErickson Arthur CharlesEvans Sir Arthur JohnFiedler ArthurFreed ArthurArthur GrossmanAlbert Frederick Arthur GeorgeGielgud Sir Arthur JohnGlaser Donald ArthurGobineau Joseph Arthur count deGodfrey Arthur MortonGoldberg Arthur JosephGranit Ragnar ArthurGriffith ArthurHarden Sir ArthurHarris Sir Arthur Travers 1st BaronetHeiden Eric ArthurHonegger ArthurFerguson Arthur JenkinsJohn Arthur JohnsonKoestler ArthurKornberg ArthurLarkin Philip ArthurLinkletter Arthur GordonMiller ArthurMitchell ArthurEric Arthur BlairPinero Sir Arthur WingQuiller Couch Sir Arthur ThomasRackham ArthurRank Joseph Arthur Baron Rank of Sutton ScotneyRimbaud Jean Nicolas ArthurRussell Bertrand Arthur William 3rd Earl RussellSackler Arthur MitchellSaint Léon Charles Victor Arthur MichelSchlesinger Arthur Meier and Schlesinger Arthur Meier Jr.Schnitzler ArthurSchopenhauer ArthurArthur FlegenheimerSeyss Inquart ArthurArthur Jacob ArshawskySullivan Sir Arthur SeymourSulzberger Arthur HaysSulzberger Arthur OchsSymons Arthur WilliamTappan ArthurTatum ArthurTedder of Glenguin Arthur William Tedder 1st BaronVandenberg Arthur HendrickWaugh Evelyn Arthur St. JohnWellington Arthur Wellesley 1st duke ofZimmermann ArthurArthur Stanley JeffersonSalisbury Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne Cecil 3rd marquess of
* * *village, Douglas and Moultrie counties, east-central Illinois, U.S. It lies about 30 miles (50 km) southwest of Champaign. Founded in 1873 as a railroad switching point, it was originally called Glasgow but was soon renamed for a brother of Robert Hervey, president of the Paris and Decatur Railroad. Members of the Old Order Amish settlement, a conservative religious group in the area since 1865 and now numbering some 3,500 to 4,000 members, have contributed to the character of the community. Horse-drawn buggies, the mode of travel for many Amish, share the country roads and village streets with automobiles, and local Amish businesses produce a number of traditional goods. Agriculture (corn [maize], soybeans, poultry, and livestock) and tourism are important to the local economy; manufactures include cabinets, furniture, garage doors, storage tanks, paper packaging, plastics, and farm implements. Lake Shelbyville, along with two state parks and a wildlife area, is southwest. Inc. 1877. Pop. (1990) 2,112; (2000) 2,203.▪ legendary king of Britainlegendary British king who appears in a cycle of medieval romances (known as the matter of Britain) as the sovereign of a knightly fellowship of the Round Table. It is not certain how or where (in Wales or in those parts of northern Britain inhabited by Brythonic-speaking Celts) these legends originated or whether the figure Arthur was based on a historical person. See also Arthurian legend.Assumptions that a historical Arthur led Welsh resistance to the West Saxon advance from the middle Thames are based on a conflation of two early writers, the religious polemicist Gildas and the historian Nennius, and on the Annales Cambriae of the late 10th century. The 9th-century Historia Brittonum, traditionally attributed to Nennius, records 12 battles fought by Arthur against the Saxons, culminating in a victory at Mons Badonicus. The Arthurian section of this work, however, is from an undetermined source, possibly a poetic text. The Annales Cambriae also mention Arthur's victory at Mons Badonicus (516) and record the Battle of Camlann (537), “in which Arthur and Medraut fell.” Gildas' De excidio et conquestu Britanniae (mid-6th century) implies that Mons Badonicus was fought in about 500 but does not connect it with Arthur.Early Welsh literature quickly made Arthur into a king of wonders and marvels. The 12th-century prose romance Kulhwch and Olwen associated him with other heroes, this conception of a heroic band, with Arthur at its head, doubtless leading to the idea of Arthur's court.Additional ReadingRichard W. Barber, King Arthur: Hero and Legend, 3rd ed., rev. and extended (1986, reissued 2004).
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